Scafuro has now been studying Athenian law for more than 25 years. In her book, The Forensic Stage: Settling Disputes in Graeco-Roman New Comedy, she compares the legal scenarios of New Comedy to those in the Attic orators and treats legal procedures both inside and outside the courtroom. She continues to be interested in the connections between law and drama and has written a number of essays over the last decade on the subject; (e.g., "The rigmarole of the parasite's contract for a prostitute in Asinaria: Legal documents in Plautus and his predecessors"; "When A Gesture Was Misinterpreted: DidÒnai tityon in Menander's Samia").
Recent essays include 'Keeping Record, Making Public: the Epigraphy of Government,' Blackwell's Companion to Ancient Greek Government; 'Roman Comedy and Renaissance Revenge Drama: Titus Andronicus as Exemplary Text'in S. Douglas Olson (ed.), Ancient Comedy and Reception. de Gruyter 2013; and 'Decrees for foreign judges: judging conventions or epigraphic habits?' in preparation for Symposion 2013 Vorträge zur griechischen und hellenistischen Rechtsgeschichte (eds. Gagarin and Lanni).
In spending so much time studying Athenian law, she has become interested in many different and difficult problems (usually related to the fragmentary state of the sources). Right now she is finishing a study of the Athenian prosecutor called 'Justice and the polis: trials by decree in ancient Athens' for CUP. She believes she has demonstrated a greater flexibility than has hitherto been recognized in public procedure; in late 5th-century Athens, procedure is still developing, and some of the major public trials (the trials for impiety in 415, the non-trial of the Generals after Arginousai in 406, the trials against the "democratic conspirators" in 404) seem to shape investigative procedure in subsequent decades. Equally important, however, is the performative aspect that these trials exhibit in Athenian public and social discourse. Since the late 1990s, she has studied Greek epigraphy in connection with law in Athens and elsewhere in the Greek world; her interests in this discipline have deepened over the years.
Two new projects are epigraphic. One examines the iconography of crowning in honorary decrees in Athens (and probably elsewhere) called Reading Wreaths; she delivered a paper on the topic in Kyoto in March 2014. The other is a collaborative project with Dr. Andronike Makres, constructing an epigraphical corpus, 'Inscriptions of Messenia excluding Messene.'
Scafuro has been a Humboldt Fellow in Berlin and Munich; an International Guest at Leopold Wenger-Institut für antike Rechtsgeschichte und Papyrusforschung in Munich; a participant in meetings of Symposion zur griechischen und hellenistischen Rechtsgeschichte; and a frequent visitor to the American School of Classical Studies at Athens (and Visiting Whitehead Professor in 2004-05). She lectured in Japan (Tokyo, Osako, Fukuoko) in March 2013 and 2014.