Carle M. PietersProfessor of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences (Research)
I have been a faculty member at Brown since 1980, after having worked several years at the Johnson Space Center in Houston and as a Peace Corps volunteer in Sarawak. My general research efforts include planetary exploration and evolution of planetary surfaces with an emphasis on remote compositional analyses.
Pieters C. M. and the M3 Science Team (2008) The Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) on Chandrayaan-1, Current Science in press
Pieters C.M., R. L. Klima, T. Hiroi, M. D. Dyar, M. D. Lane, A. H. Treiman, S. K. Noble, J. M. Sunshine, and J. L. Bishop. (2008) Martian Dunite NWA 2737: Integrated Spectroscopic Analyses of Brown Olivine, J. Geophys. Res. 113, E06004, doi: 10.1029/2007JE002939.
Petro, N. E. and Pieters, C. M. (2008) The Lunar-Wide Effects of Basin Ejecta Distribution on the Early Megaregolith, Meteoritics and Planetary Science, v. 43(8), p. 1517-1529.
Nimura, T., T. Hiroi, and C. M. Pieters (2008), An improved scheme for modeling the reflectance spectra of space-weathered regoliths, Earth Planets Space, 60, 271-275.
Klima, RL, CM Pieters, and MD Dyar (2008) Characterization of the 1.2 µm M1 pyroxene band: Extracting cooling history from near-IR spectra of pyroxenes and pyroxene-dominated rocks, Meteoritics and Planetary Science. vol 43, 1591-1604
Isaacson PJ and CM Pieters (2008) Origins of the Northern Imbrium Noritic Anomaly, J. Geophys Res., submitted
Junichi Haruyama, Makiko Ohtake, Tsuneo Matsunaga, Tomokatsu Morota, Chikatoshi Honda, Yasuhiro Yokota, Carle M. Pieters, Seiichi Hara, Kazuyuki Hioki, Kazuto Saiki, Hideaki Miyamoto, Akira Iwasaki, Masanao Abe, Yoshiko Ogawa, Hiroshi Takeda, Motomaro Shirao, Atsushi Yamaji,Jean-Luc Josset (2008a) Lack of Exposed Ice Inside Lunar South Pole Shackleton Crater, Science, Volume 322, Issue 5903, pp. 938- [Published online 23 October 2008; 10.1126/science.1164020]
Dyar, MD., E.C. Sklute, O.N. Menzies, P.A. Bland, D. Lindsley, T. Glotch, M.D. Lane, M.W. Schaeffer, B. Wopenka, R. Klima, J.L. Bishop, T. Hiroi, C. Pieters, and J. Sunshine Spectroscopic Characteristics of Synthetic Olivine: An Integrated Multi-Wavelength and Multi-Technique Approach (2008) Am. Min. in press.
I am the Science Manager of the NASA/Keck Reflectance Experiment Laboratory (RELAB), a NASA-supported spectroscopy facility at Brown that operates from 0.3 to 25 mm. I am the Principal Investigator for NASA's Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) experiment to be launched to the Moon in early 2008 and I am also Co-Investigator on Dawn, a mission to explore the asteroids Vesta and Ceres.
Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3):
I am Principal Investigator for an imaging spectrometer (0.4-3.0 µm) to characterize and map the mineralogy of the Moon at high resolution. M3 was successfully launched on the Indian Chandrayaan-1 mission to the Moon in October 2008.
Laboratory spectroscopy experiments:
We are measuring and modeling the interaction of visible to mid-infrared radiation with geologic materials. We are Developing quantitative methods for extraction of compositional information. This includes extensive measurement and analyses of lunar samples and Mars meteorites as well as other meteorites and materials.
We are conducting remote compositional analysis using spacecraft and telescopic multi-spectral data. Science questions focus on formation and evolution of the lunar crust and character and diversity of mare basalt types. Craters and large basins are used as probes to the interior. The character and evolution of the enormous South Pole-Aitken Basin continues to be under detailed investigation.
We are determining the processes responsible for altering materials in the space environment and measuring the effects of these processes on geologic samples. Derive the evolution of the regolith.
Dawn Science Team:
We are participating in planning the mission to study the large asteroids Vesta and Ceres in detail. Principal responsibilities include oversight and integration of remote compositional measurements and development of links to meteorites and understanding of early solar system processes. Launched in 2007.
Asteroid - meteorite links:
We are evaluating observational and experimental data to identify asteroidal source bodies for diverse meteorite types. Science focus is on evolution of the early solar system.
I am participating in KSGUYA (SELENE), the Japanesse mission to the Moon. Continue quantitative modeling of lunar sample data and geologic analysis of multi-spectral images with scientists at Kharkov University, Ukraine. Promoting and assisting in planning international exploration with Germany, England, Japan, Russia, and India.
Recent Research Grant Awards:
"Taking apart the rocks of Mars" (NNG-04GB536); C. Pieters, PI, Mars Fundamental Research Program, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Solar System Research
"Remote Compositional Analysis Applied to Geological Studies of Planets" (NNG04GG11G) C. Pieters, PI, NASA Solar System Exploration, PGG
"Remote Assessment of Mineralogy" (NNG05G100G) C. Pieters, PI, NASA Solar System Exploration, PGG
"Mineralogy of Lunar Materials from Reflectance Spectroscopy" (NAG5-11763); C. Pieters, PI, NASA Solar System Exploration, CosmoChem
"Mineralogy of Lunar Materials from Reflectance Spectroscopy II: Rocks and Minerals" (NNG05GG15G); C. Pieters, PI, NASA Solar System Exploration, CosmChem
"Reflectance Experiment Laboratory (RELAB)" (NAG5-13609); C. Pieters, PI, NASA Solar System Exploration
Dawn [a Discovery Mission, C. Russell, PI] (2090 G DC288); C. Pieters CoI, JPL/NASA Discovery Program
Moon Mineralogy Mapper, (NNM05AB26C); C. Pieters, PI, NASA Discovery Program