James N. GreenCarlos Manuel de Cespedes Professor of Modern Latin American History and Portuguese and Brazilian Studies, Director of the Brazil Initiative
James N. Green is the Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Professor of Latin American History. He received his doctorate in Latin American history, with a specialization in Brazil, at UCLA in 1996. He has traveled extensively throughout Latin America and lived eight years in Brazil. He served as the Director of the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies at Brown University from 2005 to 2008. He is a past president of the Brazilian Studies Association (BRASA) and served as the President of the New England Council on Latin American Studies (NECLAS) in 2008 and 2009. He is currently the Director of Brown's Brazil Initiative; the Executive Director of the Brazilian Studies Association, housed at Brown; and the Director of the Opening the Archives Project.
Bejar, A. A., Angotti, T., Antunes, R., Austin, R., Babb, F. E., Barkin, D., Becker, M., Beserra, B., Boito, A., Carranza, J., Cockcroft, J. D., Wise, R. D., Alfonso, H. D., Dore, E., Dosh, P., Dupuy, A., Ellner, S., Gandasegui, M. A., Green, J. N., Johnson, D., Jonas, S., Landau, S., Levy, J., Segrera, F. L., Lowy, M., Martins, M. D., Morton, A. D., Motta, S. C., Munck, R., Olivera, M., Oppenheim, L. H., Oyarzun, K., Pereira, A. W., Petras, J., Pino, J. C., Pozzi, P., Ricupero, B., Robinson, W. I., Rus, J., Sader, E., Safa, H., De Sousa Santos, B., Spalding, H., Salazar, L. S., Torres-Rivas, E., Vanden, H., Vilas, C. M., Webber, J. R., White, R., Wilson, T. D.
Latin American Perspectives.
. full text
Exile within Exiles: Herbert Daniel, Gay Brazilian Revolutionary. Durham: Duke University Press, forthcoming, 2018.
Revolucionário e Gay: A vida extraordinária de Herbert Daniel. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brazileira, forthcoming 2018. Portuguese translation of Exile within Exiles.
“We Cannot Remain Silent”: Opposition to the Brazilian Military Dictatorship in the United States, 1964-85. Durham: Duke University Press, 2010. 472 pp.
Apesar de vocês: Oposição à ditadura militar nos EUA, 1964-85. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2009. Portuguese translation of “We Cannot Remain Silent.” 584 pp.
Awarded the Book Award of Merit by the Brazilian Section, Latin American Studies Association (LASA).
Além do Carnaval: a homossexualidade masculina no Brasil do século XX. São Paulo: Editora da UNESP, 2000. 541 pp. Portuguese translation of Beyond Carnival.
Awarded the Cidadania em Respeito à Diversidade [Citizenship Respecting Diversity] Book Award, São Paulo, 2001.
Beyond Carnival: Male Homosexuality in Twentieth-Century Brazil. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. 408 pp.
Awarded the Paul Monette-Roger Horwitz Trust Award by the Lambda Literary Foundation for the best book by an emergent scholar.
Awarded the Hubert Herring Book Award (co-winner) by the Pacific Coast Council on Latin America (PCCLAS) for the best book on Latin America.
B. EDITED BOOKS
Modern Latin America, 9th ed. Edited with Peter Smith and Thomas E. Skidmore. New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2018. 484 pp.
The Brazil Reader: History, Culture, and Politics. 2nd edition. Edited with Victoria Langland and Lilia Moritz Schwarcz. Duke University Press, forthcoming 2018. 662 pp.
Homossexualidade e a ditadura brasileira: Opressão, resistencia e a busca da verdade [Homosexuality and the Brazilian Dictatorship: Oppression, Resistance, and the Search for Truth]. Edited with Renan Quinalha. São Carlos: Editora da Universidade Federal de São Carlos, 2014. 320 pp.
Awarded the Cidadania em Respeito à Diversidade [Citizenship Respecting Diversity] Book Award, São Paulo, Brazil, 2015
Modern Latin America, 8th ed. Edited with Peter Smith and Thomas E. Skidmore. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. 464 pp.
Exile and the Politics of Exclusion in the Americas. Edited with Luis Roniger and Pablo Yankelevich. Sussex Academic Press, Sussex, England, 2012. 462 pp.
A Mother’s Cry: A Memoir of Politics, Prison, and Torture under the Brazilian Military Dictatorship by Lina Penna Sattamini, translated by Rex P. Nielson and James N. Green, with introduction by James N. Green. Durham: Duke University Press, 2010. 220 pp.
Modern Latin America, 7th ed. Edited with Peter Smith and Thomas E. Skidmore. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. 465 pp.
Frescos Trópicos: Fontes sobre a homossexualidade masculina no Brasil (1870-1980). [Tropical Queers: Sources on Male Homosexuaity in Brazil, 1870-1980] Co-edited with Ronald Pólito. Rio de Janeiro: José Olimpio, 2006. 192 pp.
Homossexualismo em São Paulo e outros escritos. [Homoexuality in São Paulo and other Writings] Co-edited with Ronaldo Trindade and José Fábio Barbosa da Silva. São Paulo: Editora da UNESP, 2005 339 pp.
Awarded the Cidadania em Respeito à Diversidade [Citizenship Respecting Diversity] Book Award, São Paulo, Brazil, 2006.
C. SPECIAL TOPIC ISSUES OF ACADEMIC JOURNALS
50 Ans du Coup d’État militaire: histoire et historiographie. [Fifty Years since the Military Coup d’État: History and Historiography] Special Issue of Brésil(s): Cahiers du Brésil Contemporain. Co-edited with Monica Raisa Schpun, no. 5 (June 2014). 146 pp.
The History of Latin American Communism. Special Issue of Latin American Perspectives. Edited with Gerardo Leibner, 35:2 (March 2008). 115 pp.
Re-thinking Race and Ethnicity in Brazil: Essays in Honor of Thomas E. Skidmore. Special Issue of Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y El Caribe (Tel Aviv University). Edited with Jeffrey Lesser and Jerry D’Avila, 19:2 (2008). 210 pp.
Exiles and Political Exclusion in Latin America. Special Issue of Latin American Perspectives. Edited with Luis Roniger, 34:4 (July 2007). 108 pp.
Re-gendering Latin America. Special Issue of Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y El Caribe (Tel Aviv University). Edited with Pete Sigal, 16:2 (2005). 210 pp.
Homossexualidade: sociedade, movimento e lutas [Homosexuality: Society, Movement, and Struggles]. Special Issue of Cadernos Edgard Leuenroth, (UNICAMP, Campinas). Edited with Sônia Maluf, 18/19 (2003). 352 pp.
Gender and Same-Sex Desire in Latin America. Special Issue of Latin American Perspectives. Edited with Florence Babb, 29: 2 (March 2002). 190 pp.
Brazil in the Aftershock of Neoliberalism. Special Issue of Latin American Perspectives, 27:6 (November 2000). 128 pp.
Brazil in Transition: Democratization, Privatization and Working-Class Resistance. Special issue of Latin American Perspectives, 21:1 (Winter 1994). 144 pp.
Rethinking Theory and Practice. Special issue of Latin American Perspectives. Edited with Julip Charlip, 20:2 (Spring 1993). 142 pp.
D. REFEREED JOURNAL ARTICLES
“O joelho de Sarah Bernhardt: negociando a ‘respeitabilidade’ feminine no palco carioca, 1880-1910.” [Sarah Bernhardt’s Knee: Negotiating Feminine Respectability on the Rio de Janeiro State, 1880-1910.” Escritos: Revista da Fundação Casa de Rui Barbosa 8, no. 8 (2014): 7-25.
“Paradoxes de la dicature brésilienne,” [Paradoxes of the Brazilian Dictatorship] in 50 Ans du Coup d’État militaire: histoire et historiographie.[Fifty Years since the Military Coup d’État: History and Historiography] Special Issue of Brésil(s): Cahiers du Brésil Contemporain. Co-edited with Monica Raisa Schpun, no. 5 (June 2014): 7-16.
“Who is the Macho Who Wants to Kill Me?”: Male Homosexuality, Revolutionary Masculinity, and the Brazilian Armed Struggle of the 1960s and 70s,” Hispanic American Historical Review, v. 92, no. 3 (August 2012): 437-69. Featured in the first HAHR Open Fórum: http://hahr.history.duke.edu/ Published in Portuguese as: “Quem é o macho que quer me matar?”:Homossexualidade masculina, masculinidade revolucionária e luta armada brasileira dos anos 1960 e 1970, Revista Anistia Política e Justica de Transição (Brasília/Ministry of Justice), no. 8 (July/December 2012). Brasília: Ministério da Justica, 58-93.
Awarded the Joseph T. Criscenti Best Article Prize of the New England Council on Latin American Studies.
Awarded the Audre Lorde Prize of the Committee on Lesbian and Gay History of the American Historical Association for the most outstanding article published on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and/or queer history.
Awarded the Carlos Monsiais Prize in Social Sciences from the Sexuality Studies Section of the Latin American Studies Association.
“A Proteção da Privacidade com a Abertura Plena dos Arquivos.” [The Protection of Privacy with Open Access to Archives.” Acervo, Rio de Janeiro, v. 24, no 1 (Jan./June 2011): 205-16.
“Exilados e acadêmicos: a luta pela anistia nos Estados Unidos.” [Exiles and Academics: The Fight for Amnesty in the United States.] Cadernos Edgard Leuenroth, Trabalho e Política 17, no. 29 (2010): 292-313.
“Reinventando a história: Lincoln Gordon e as suas múltiplas versões de 1964.” [Lincoln Gordon and his Multiple Versions of 1964] Co-authored with Abigail Jones. Revista Brasileira de História [Brazilian Journal of History] 29:57 (2009): 67-89.
“Introduction: New Views on the History of Latin American Communism.” Co-authored with Gerardo Leibner. Latin American Perspectives, 35:2 (March 2008): 3-8.
“Introduction: Exile and Political Exclusion in Latin America.” Co-authored with Luis Roniger. Latin American Perspectives, 34:4 (July 2007): 3-6.
“Future Research Agendas.” Co-authored with Luis Roniger. Latin American Perspectives, 34:4 (July 2007): 106-08.
“A luta pela igualdade: desejos, homossexualidade e a esquerda na América Latina,” [The Struggle for Equality: Desire, Homosexuality and Latin American Left], Cadernos Edgard Leuenroth, Homossexualidade: Sociedade Movimentos e Lutas. 18/19, (2003): 13-39.
“Clergy, Exiles, and Academics: Opposition to the Brazilian Military Dictatorship in the United States, 1964-1974,” Latin American Politics and Society, 45: 1, (2003): 87-117. Abridged version published in Portuguese as “Clérigos, exilados e acadêmicos: oposição à ditadura militar brasileira nos Estados Unidos, 1969-74,” Projeto História (São Paulo) 29:1 (2004): 13-34.
“Introduction,” co-authored with Florence Babb, Gender, Sexuality, and Same-Sex Desire in Latin America in Latin American Perspectives 29:2 (March 2002): 167-87.
“Abrindo os arquivos e os armários: pesquisando a homossexualidade no Arquivo do Estado de São Paulo.” [Opening Archives and Closets: Researching Homosexuality in the Archives of the State of São Paulo] Revista Histórica (São Paulo, Brazil) 5 (December 2001): 72-75.
“Mais Amor e Mais Tesão”: A Construção de um Movimento Brasileiro de Gays, Lésbicas e Travestis,” [More Love and More Desire: The Building of the Brazilian Movement of Gays, Lesbians, and Transvestites] Cadernos Pagu 15 (2000): 271-96.
“Challenging National Heroes and Myths: Male Homosexuality and Brazilian History,” Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe, 12:1 (2001): 61-78.
“Introduction,” Brazil in the Aftershock of Neoliberalism in Latin American Perspectives 27:6 (November 2000): 5-8.
E. CHAPTERS IN BOOKS
“Golpes e intervenções: 1962, 1964 e 2016 e os olhares norte-americanos,” [Coups and interventions: 1962, 1964 and 2016 and U.S. viewpoints], eds. André Roberto de A. Machado and Maria Rita de Almeida Toledo. In Golpes na História e na Escola: o Brasil e a América Latina nos séculos XX e XXI. [Coups in History and in School: Brazil and Latn America in the Twentieth and Twenty-first Century]. São Paulo: Cortez Editora, ANPUH/SP, 2017.
“Brasil: passado e presente e ironias da história,” [Brazil: Past and Present and the Ironies of History], eds. Hebe Mattos, Tânia Bessone e Beatriz G. Mamigonian. In Historiadores pela Democracia: o golpe de 2016 e a força do passado. São Paulo: Alameda Editorial, 2016.
“Carta Aberta ao Embaixador Michael Fitzpatrick,” [Open Letter to Ambassador Michael Fitzpatrick] eds. Hebe Mattos, Tânia Bessone e Beatriz G. Mamigonian. In Historiadores pela Democracia: o golpe de 2016 e a força do passado. São Paulo: Alameda Editorial, 2016.
“Brasil: virando as costas ao futuro,” [Brazil: Turning its Back on the Future] with Renan H. Quinalha, eds. Hebe Mattos, Tânia Bessone e Beatriz G. Mamigonian. In Historiadores pela Democracia: o golpe de 2016 e a força do passado. São Paulo: Alameda Editorial, 2016.
“Homossexualidades, repressão e resistência durante a ditadura,” [Homosexualities, repression, and resistance during the dictatorship,” with Renan H. Quinalha, 151-61. In Comissão da Verdade do Rio de Janeiro, Relatório [Report of the Rio de Janeiro Truth Commission] Rio de Janeiro: Comissão da Verdade do Rio, 2015.
“Ditadura e homossexualidades” [The dictatorship and homosexualities],” with Renan H. Quinalha, 289-302. In Relatório Final da Comissão Nacional da Verdade [Final Report of the National Truth Commission], Vol. 2. Brasília: Comissão Nacional da Verdade, 2014.
Introduction to Homossexualidade e a ditadura brasileira: Opressão, resistencia e a busca da verdade [Homosexuality and the Brazilian Dictatorship: Oppression, Resistance, and the Search for Truth], with Renan H. Quinalha, 17-25. São Carlos: Editora da Universidade Federal de São Carlos, 2014.
“O Grupo SOMOS, a esquerda e a resistência à ditadura” [The Group SOMOS, the left, and resistance to the dictatorship], in Homossexualidade e a ditadura brasileira: Opressão, resistencia e a busca da verdade [Homosexuality and the Brazilian Dictatorship: Oppression, Resistance, and the Search for Truth], eds. James N. Green and Renan H. Quinalha, 177-200. São Carlos: Editora da Universidade Federal de São Carlos, 2014.
"Desire and Revolution: Socialists and the Brazilian Gay Liberation Movement in the 1970s.” In Human Rights and Transnational Solidarity in Cold War Latin America, ed. Jessica Stites Mor, 239-67. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press (Critical Human Rights Series), 2013. Published in Portuguese as “‘Abaixo a repressão, mais amor e mais tesão’: uma memória sobre a ditadura e o movimento de gays e lésbicas de São Paulo na época da abertura,” Revista Acervo,. 27:1 (Jan./June 2014): 53-82.
“Opondo-se à Ditadura nos Estados Unidos: Direitos Humanos e a Organização dos Estados Americanos,” [Opposing the Dictatorship in the United States: Human Rights and the Organization of American States]. In Relações Brasil-Estados Unidos: séculos XX e XXI [Brazilian-United States Relations: 20th and 21st Century], eds. Sidnei J. Munhoz and Francisco Carlos Teixeira da Silva, 495-524. Maringá: Eduem, 2011.
“Herbert Daniel: Política, homossexualidades e masculinidades no Brasil nas últimas décadas do século XX” [Herbert Daniel: Politics, Homosexualities, and Masculinities in Brazil in the Last Decades of the Twentieth Century]. In Masculinidades: teoria, crítica e artes [Masculinities: theory, criticism, and art], eds. José Gatti and Fernando Penteado, 131-149. São Paulo: Estação das Letras e Cores, 2011.
“Gênero e performance na oposição à ditadura militar nos Estados Unidos, [Gender and Performance in the Opposition to the Military Dictatorship in the United States]. In Diversidades: Dimensões de Gênero e Sexualidade [Diversities: Dimensions of Gender and Sexuality] eds. Carmen Rial, Joana Maria Pedro, and Sílvia Maria Fávero, 19-37. Florianópolis: Editora Mulheres, 2010.
“The Personal and the Political under the Brazilian Military Regime, 1964-85,” Introduction to A Mother’s Cry: A Memoir of Politics, Prison, and Torture under the Brazilian Military Dictatorship by Lina Penna Sattamini, ed. James N. Green, 1-20. Duke University Press, 2010.
“Exilados e acadêmicos: a luta pela anisita nos Estados Unidos,” [Exiles and Academics: The Struggle for Amnesty in the United States]. In A luta pela anistia, [The Struggle for Amnesty] ed. Haike R. Kleber da Silva, 145-56. São Paulo: Editora UNESP, Arquivo do Estado de São Paulo, 2009.
“Restless Youth”: The 1968 Brazilian Student Movement as Seen from Washington.” In 1968: 40 Anos Depois, História e Memória [1968: 40 Years Later, History and Memory], eds. Carlos Fico and Maria Paula Araújo, 31-62. Rio de Janeiro: 7Letras, 2009.
“Pleasures in the Parks of Rio de Janeiro during the Brazilian Belle Époque, 1898-1914.” In Pelo Vaso Traseiro: Sodomy and Sodomites in Luso-Brazilian History, eds. Harold Johnson and Francis A. Dutra, 407-472. Tuscon, Az.: Fenestra Books, 2007.
“Doctoring the National Body.” In Gender, Sexuality, and Power in Latin America since Independence, eds. William E. French and Katherine Elaine Bliss, 187-211. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2007.
“(Homo)sexuality, Human Rights, and Revolution in Latin America.” In Human Rights and Revolutions, eds. Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom, Lynn Hunt, Marilyn B. Young and Gregory Grandin, 139-154. Rowman and Littlefield, 2007.
“Forward to the 40th Anniversary Edition,” xv-xxiii. Thomas E. Skidmore, Politics in Brazil, 1930-1964: An Experiment in Democracy. New York, Oxford University Press, 2007.
“The Emperor’s Pedestal: Dom Pedro I and Disputed Notions of the Brazilian Nation, 1860-1900.” In Brazil in the Making: Faces of National Identity, eds. Ludwig Lauerhass, Jr., and Carmen Nava, 181-204. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Publishers, 2006.
“São Paulo anos 50: A vida acadêmica e os amores masculinos.” [São Paulo in the 50s: Academic Life and Masculine Love]. In Homossexualismo em São Paulo e Outros Escritos,[Homosexuality and other Writings], eds. James N. Green and Ronaldo Trindade, 25-38. São Paulo: Editora da UNESP, 2005.
“Madame Satan, the Black ‘Queen’ of Brazilian Bohemia.” In The Human Tradition in Modern Brazil, ed. Peter M. Beattie, 267-86. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Publications, 2004.
“Desfiles de moda e espetáculos na Broadway: representando a oposição à ditadura brasileira nos Estados Unidos nos anos 1970.” [Fashion Shows and Broadway Plays: Representing Opposition to the Dictatorship in the United States in the 1970s]. In 1964-2004: 40 anos do golpe, ditadura militar e resistência no Brasil, [1964-2004: 40 Years Since the Coup, Military Dictatorship and Resistance in Brazil] eds. Carlos Fico, Celso Castro, Ismênia de Lima Martins, Jessie Jane Vieira de Sousa, Maria Paula Araújo, Samantha Viz Quadrat, 252-260. Rio de Janeiro: Viveiros de Castro Editora, 2004.
“Desire and Militancy: Lesbians, Gays, and the Brazilian Workers’ Party. In Different Rainbow: Same-Sex Sexuality and Popular Struggles in the Third World, ed. Peter Drucker, 57-70. London: Gay Men’s Press, 2000.
“More Love and More Desire: The Building of the Brazilian Movement,” in The Global Emergence of Gay and Lesbian Politics: National Imprints of a Worldwide Movement, ed. Barry Adam, Jan Willem Duyvendak, and André Krouwel, 91-109. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1999.
“The Emergence of the Brazilian Gay and Lesbian Movement, 1977-1983.” In The Brazil Reader, ed. Robert M. Levine. Durham: Duke University Press, 1999. Abridged reprint from Latin American Perspectives, 21:1, Issue 80 (Winter 1994): 38-55.
F.NON-REFEREED NEWSPAPER, JOURNAL, and INTERNET ARTICLES; TV and RADIO APPEARANCES
“What’s Next for those Calling an End to the Temer Government,” with Renan Quinalha Brazilian Observer (October 10, 2016).
“Brazil: The Impeachment of a President and the Future of a Country,” NACLA, North American Congress on Latin America, (September 7, 2016).
“Dilma Rousseff on Ouster: This is a Coup That Will Impact Every Democratic Organization in Brazil,” Democracy Now (September 1, 2016).
“The Fate of Dilma Rousseff and the Future of Hillary Clinton: Anything in Common? Watson Institute for International and Policy Studies, (September 1, 2016).
“Brazilian President Testifying at Impeachment,” Institute for Public Accuracy.” (August 29, 2016).
“What’s Next for Brazil,” Watson Institute for International and Policy Studies, (September 1, 2016).
“Brazilian Magic, the Olympics and a Country in Crisis,” Watson Institute for International and Policy Studies, (August 4, 2016).
“Euclides da Cunha e as Eleições Presidencias,” [Euclides da Cunha and the Presidential elections] Jornal O Globo (October 26, 2014).
“Diversidade cultural, globalização: lembrando o passado, pensando no futuro,” [Cultural Diversity, Globalization: Remembering the Past, Thinking of the Future]. In Cultura e Pensamento. [Culture and Thought] eds. Ana Paula Valois and Inês Quiroga, 30-35. Belo Horizonte: Ministry of Culture, 2011.
“Dilma Rousseff: Former Guerrilla Fighter Becomes Brazil’s First Female President,” NACLA: Report on the Americas 44:1 (January/February 2011): 3-4.
“Brasil na Beira?” [Brazil on the Edge?] with Thomas E. Skidmore, O Globo (Rio de Janeiro), December 11, 2010.
“Futurologia” [Futurology], O Globo (Rio de Janeiro), October 3, 2010.
“Brasil com sotaque,” [Brazil with an Accent] Revista de História da Biblioteca Nacional [History Journal of the National Library] 5:59 (August 2010): 62-65.
“Que parada é essa?” [What Kind of Parade is This?] Júnior (São Paulo) 3:19 (June 2010): 78.
“Facing the Realities of the Andean Region,” with Senator Lincoln Chaffee, Providence Journal (February 11, 2008): 2.
“The Future of Brazilian Studies in the United States,” LASA [Latin American Studies Association] Forum 36:2 (Summer 2005): 5-6.
"Facing the Past: Archives, Torturers and the Legacies of Dictatorship,” Hemisphere Magazine, Florida International University, (June 2005): 6-8.
“Homosexuality, Eugenics, and Race: Controlling and Curing “Inverts” in Rio de Janeiro in the 1920s and '30,” זמנים [Times] School of History, Tel Aviv University, Israel, no. 80 (Fall 2002): 18-30.
“Muito além do carnaval.” [Far Beyond Carnival] República (São Paulo) 4:48 (October 2000): 32-35.
“Mais amor e mais tesão: história da homossexualidade no Brasil.” [More Love and More Desire: A History of Homosexaulity in Brazil]. Interview by José Gatti. In Revista Estudos Feministas 8:2 (2000): 149-66.
G. BOOK REVIEWS (Since 2008)
Benjamin A.Cowan, Securing Sex: Morality and Repression in the Making of Cold War Brazil (University of North Carolina Press, 2016) for Journal of Social History 52: 1 (Fall 2018).
Seth Garfield, In Search of the Amazon: Brazil, the United States and the Nature of a Region (Duke University Press, 2013) for Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe 27:1 (2016): 101-103.
Michael Reid, Brazil: The Troubled Rise of a Global Power (Yale University Press, 2014) for Americas 72:4 (October 2015): 688-89.
Bruno Carvalho, Porous City: A Cultural History of Rio de Janeiro (Liverpool University Press, 2013) for Brazil/Brasil 28:51 (2015): 102-105.
Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira, As relações perigosas: Brasil-Estados Unidos, De Collor a Lula, 1990-2004 (Civilização Brasileira, 2010) for Hispanic American Historical Review, 93:2 (2013): 340-41
Amy Chazkel, Laws of Chance: Brazil’s Clandestine Lottery and the Making of Urban Public Life (Duke University Press, 2010) for ReVista: Harvard Review of Latin America, 12, no. 2 (Winter 2012): 69-70.
Alexander Edmonds, Beauty, Sex and Plastic Surgery in Brazil (Duke Univeristy Press, 2010) for Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y El Caribe (Tel Aviv University), 23. no. 1 (January-June 2012): 139-41.
Clémence Jouët-Pastré and Letícia J. Braga, Becoming Brazuca: Brazilian Immigrants to the United States for (David Rockefeller Center Series on Latin American Studies, 2008), for Luso-Brazilian Review 48, no. 2 (2011): 221-24.
Rafael de la Dehesa, Queering the Public Sphere in Mexico and Brazil: Sexual Rights Movements in Emerging Democracies (Duke University Press, 2010) for The Americas, 7, no. 4 (2011): 571-572.
James P. Woodard, A Place in Politics: São Paulo, from Seigneurial Republicanism to Regionalist Revolt (Duke University Press, 2009) for Bulletin of Latin American Research, 30, no. 3 (July 2011): 378-9.
John W. F. Dulles, Resisting Brazil’s Military Regime: An Account of the Battles of Sobral Pinto (University of Texas Press, 2007) for The Americas, 66, no. 4 (April 2010): 564.
Micol Siegel, Unequal Encounters: Making Race and Nation in Brazil and the United States. (Duke University Press, 2009) for American Historical Review, 115, No. 1 (February 2010): 97-198
Jeffrey Lesser, Discontented Diasporas: Japanese Brazilians and the Meaning of Ethnic Militancy, 1960-1980. (Duke University Press, 2007) for Hispanic American Historical Review, 89:2 (May 2009): 381-382.
Marshall C. Eakin, Paulo Roberto de Almeida, eds. Envisioning Brazil: A Guide to Brazilian Studies in the United States. (University of Wisconsin Press, 2005) for Luso-Brazilian Review, 45:2 (2008): 201-203.
H. FILM DOCUMENTARIES
Historical consultant and commentator, Um dia que durou 21 anos [A Day that Lasted 21 Years]. Directed by Camilo Torres, T.V. Brasil, 2013.
Director and producer, Além do Carnaval: A história gay do Rio de Janeiro [Beyond Carnival: A Gay History of Rio de Janeiro]. Presented at the São Paulo International Documentary Film Festival, March 2001.
I. Educational Websites
Opening the Archives (2014-ongoing), a Brown Library-sponsored open-access website containing over 30,000 U.S. State Department documents on Brazil from 1963-73, done in collaboration with the Brazilian National Arquive, the U.S. National Archive and Record Administration, and the State University of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil. http://library.brown.edu/openingthearchives/
A Mother’s Cry (2014), the companion website for Lina Penna Sattamini’s A Mother’s Cry: A Memoir of Politics, Prison, and Torture under the Brazilian Military Dictatorship (Durham: Duke University Press, 2010). http://library.brown.edu/amotherscry/
We Cannot Remain Silent (2014), the companion website to James N. Green, We Cannot Remain Silent: Opposition to the Brazilian Military Dictatorship in the United States (Durham: Duke University Press, 2010). http://library.brown.edu/wecannotremainsilent/
Modern Latin America (2013), the companion website to Thomas E. Skidmore, Peter Smith and James N. Green, eds. Modern Latin America, 8th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. http://library.brown.edu/modernlatinamerica/
Brazil: Five Centuries of Change (2012), the companion website to Thomas E. Skidmore’s Brazil: Five Centuries of Change, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. http://library.brown.edu/fivecenturiesofchange/
Latin American Travelogues (2007), a digital collection of Latin American travel accounts from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. http://library.brown.edu/cds/travelogues/
James N. Green works on the political, social and, and cultural history of nineteenth and twentieth-century Brazil. His books include: We Cannot Remain Silent: Opposition to the Brazilian Military Dictatorship in the United States (Duke, 2010) and Beyond Carnival: Male Homosexuality in Twentieth-century Brazil (Chicago, 1999); Exile within Exiles: Herbert Daniel, Gay Brazilian Revolutionary (Duke forthcoming 2018).
RECENTLY COMPLETED RESEARCH PROJECT:
Exile within Exiles: Herbert Daniel, Gay Brazilian Revolutionary
Historical accounts of the military dictatorship that ruled Brazil from 1964 to 1985 gen-erally focus on political history and the militant armed opposition. Most narratives offer heroic visions of those who resisted authoritarian rule without examining tensions, complexities, and contradictions embedded in the leftwing political culture that dominated opposition to the gener-als. Similarly, many Brazilian politicians who participated in the armed struggle, including President Dilma Rousseff, have glossed over their past militancy, creating simplified stories about idealist youth who had fought for democracy rather than for revolutionary change. Exiles within Exiles seeks to problematize these glorified and revisionist historical representations through a critical biography of Herbert Daniel, a forgotten leader in the Brazilian left. Based on oral histories, archival sources, and other documentation, this project explores the complex life story of a protagonist who personifies many of the contradictory political, social, and cultural crosscurrents that were characteristic of oppositional forces in late twentieth-century Brazil.
While in medical school, Herbert Daniel (1946-1992) recognized his homoerotic desires. He also discovered leftwing politics. Eager to be involved in student activism, he repressed his sexuality to join a clandestine organization whose Marxist members considered homosexuality immoral and inappropriate for a revolutionary. It was his first self-described internal exile. In 1970, he participated in the kidnapping of the German and Swiss ambassadors to obtain the re-lease of 110 political prisoners. Soon thereafter, police dismantled his underground organization. Cut off from others, he embarked on a second internal exile. Living clandestinely, he read vora-ciously and rethought his politics. Four years later, Daniel slipped out of Brazil, embarking on a European exile, his third exile. He drafted his memoirs and challenged the homophobic assump-tions of the Brazilian left by organizing a heated public debate about homosexuality that polarized Brazilian exile organizations. Returning to Brazil in 1981, he unsuccessfully ran for the state assembly of Rio de Janeiro on a platform emphasizing new but controversial ideas such as gay rights, feminism, and environmental justice. He then took up the fight to end discrimination against those with HIV/AIDS. Daniel died of AIDS in 1992.
This biography provides a vehicle for investigating cultural and social aspects of radical opposition to the military regime, its aftermath, and its legacy by exploring how constructions of gender and sexuality intersected with revolutionary politics. It also offers a theoretical frame-work for understanding political and social manifestations of homophobia within the left through examining what I term "revolutionary masculinity" as an integral component of Latin American Marxist ideology. From Che Guevara's formulations about the "New Man" to self-images and symbolic popular iterations after his death, this gendered representation also draws upon tradi-tional Catholic notions of masculinity and sacrifice, forms of patriarchy, and uncritical appropri-ations of pervasive medical discourses. Daniel's lonely trajectory within the left, his internal ex-ile of repressing his desires, and the bitter debates that ensued when he revealed his homosexu-ality, unveil ways that revolutionary masculinity, with its patriarchal and sexist notions of nor-mativity, was an integral part of radical oppositional identity in the 1960s and 1970s.
The transition to democracy created novel challenges for the Brazilian left. Many revolu-tionaries turned to electoral politics and gained significant influence. New issues arose, among them feminism, black consciousness, and environmental concerns. Daniel became a bridge link-ing former revolutionaries to new social movements. Through his writing and activism, he re-mained situated between class and identity politics, engendering a dialogue between seemingly divergent perspectives. When he discovered he was HIV+, he articulated a political discourse that emphasized radical participatory activism and interventionist government AIDS policies. Though he died before his proposals were fully implemented, his political legacy continues, as the ideas he formulated became integrated into international models for AIDS prevention and treatment.
FUTURE RESEARCH PROJECTS:
Generation 77: Youth Culture and the Demise of the Brazilian Dictatorship
While completing the final archival research for Exiles within Exiles: Herbert Daniel, Gay Brazilian Revolutionary, I began conducting interviews to write a history of the Brazilian student movement of the 1970s. Much has been written about the previous generation that mo-bilized against the Brazilian military dictatorship in 1968. In mid-December, the regime decreed Institutional Act No. 5 that closed Congress, increased censorship, and authorized the repression of opposition political forces. Over the next two years, the military and the political police an-nihilated the underground student organizations that had operated clandestinely since the 1964 coup d'etat. Some student leaders turned to the armed struggle as a strategic option for over-throwing the dictatorship, although these efforts were crushed by 1973. A new generation of high school and university students emerged in the mid-1970s and began reorganizing student asso-ciations and conducting semi-clandestine actions to revitalize mobilizations against the regime. In 1977, when five students activists from this new generation were arrested and tortured be-cause they were distributing leaflets in a working-class neighborhood of the industrial belt around the city of São Paulo, students responded by organizing the first massive public street demonstrations against the military regime in a decade.
This new generation, which I call Generation 77, was motivated by a variety of political, social, economic, and cultural influences that were significantly different from those that inspired youth to protest against the dictatorship in 1968. While an end to the authoritarian regime was encoded in that period's ubiquitous slogan "Down with the Dictatorship," students also em-braced another new chant calling for democratic rights. Unlike many student activists and leaders of the previous generation that had seen the end of the military regime as the prelude to a socialist revolution, a significant sector of radicalized youth of Generation 77 brought new ideas to the student movement that were linked to the demand for cultural and social changes, as well as political ones. As students protested in the streets against the regime, some of these activists sought new forms of political organization and a political agenda that addressed issues related to gender, race, sexuality, and the environment. These new ideas articulated by emergent move-ments among Brazilian youth upset what had been previously a pervasive paradigm among po-liticized students that considered these questions to be "secondary" and "divisive" in the fight against the dictatorship.
Whereas Exiles within Exiles examines the personal trajectory of an active participant in 1968 youth radicalization, "Generation 77: Brazil and the Forging of an Anti-Dictatorship Movement" will offer a social and cultural history of a new generation of rebellious youth that adopted new political agendas and introduced new content to public protest. The book will focus on student opposition to the military regime that was largely centered in São Paulo, the most dy-namic economic, political, and cultural region in the country. I will argue that the student mo-bilizations of 1976 to 1978 served as the incubator for budding social movements that focused on issues of personal identity and their relationship to politics and social change. Universities cam-puses and to a lesser extent theatres, served as a public space where this generation could meet to discuss question related to gender, race, sexuality, the environment, indigenous rights, land re-form, and other issues.
At the same time, the outburst of student protests played a crucial role in energizing the labor movement to carry out a strike wave from 1978 to 1980 that challenged the dictatorships economic and labor policies and set the stage for the formation of a new political leadership em-bodied in the trade union leader and future Brazilian president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. Schol-ars working on this period have seen the student movement of the late 1970s as merely a prelude to the emergence of new social movements in Brazil in the 1980s without analyzing the direct influences of the former and the latter. Nor have historians adequately analyzed the complex interactions between the student movement and other social movements that developed in the period to offer a more comprehensive analysis of the slow-motion transition to democracy be-tween 1974 and 1985. As in my previous works, I will combine oral histories with written sour-ces that will allow me to craft an inclusive analysis that integrates economic, social, political, and cultural factors in explaining the emergence and impact of Generation 77 on this crucial period in recent Brazilian history.
The Crossroads of Sin and the Collision of Cultures:Pleasure, Commerce, and Entertainment in Rio de Janeiro, 1860-1930.
This research project examines the multiple layers of public interactions and sociability that took place in the downtown area of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil’s largest city in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. I argue that this specific public space shaped popular and elite cultures, influenced forms of entertainment, commerce, and leisure activities, and, above all, was an area where social classes, races, genders, and occupational groups intermingled to create a unique and vibrant environment. Focusing on the district in and around Tiradentes Square—a region of bars, brothels, vaudeville reviews, highbrow theatres (and later movie houses), and commercial establishments—I will trace the transformations that reconfigured Brazilian society and urban life at a time of transition from slavery to freedom, mass immigration from abroad, migration from the hinterland, and a revolution in gender norms. Originally an elite venue, this downtown area became a shared space, visited by all social classes and racial groups. This was the location where newcomers first visited and experienced life in a big city; this was the neighborhood where the desperate went as a last resort to become thieves or prostitutes. I will examine tensions in the social fabric that occurred there because of overlapping usages of this locality by members of bourgeois society, working-class men and women, Bohemians, slaves and free people of color, rogue figures, and prostitutes. This work will also investigate the ways in which this downtown public space afforded working and middle-class women different kinds of access to the public sphere, while at the same time it was a site of social conflict among people of color, immigrants, and other residents of the area. By studying these intersecting worlds, I want to reconsider Brazilian notions of urban social boundaries and their permeability in a time of dramatic transformations.
I have chosen to deal with the years 1860-1930 because it enables me to plot the significant economic, political, social, and cultural changes that took place in Brazil's capital during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Rio de Janeiro experienced significant economic, social, and infrastructural renovations in the three decades before the abolition of slavery (1888) and the overthrow of the monarchy (1889). The new Republican government enacted an even more ambitious urban renewal project that transformed the city into a modern (self-described) “Europeanized” capital. The local elite of belle époque Rio de Janeiro proudly considered it to be the “Paris of the Tropics.” At the same time that public health authorities and civil engineers were redesigning the city’s physical layout as a bourgeois city, large numbers of former slaves converged on the capital, modifying patterns of housing and public sociability. A parallel sharp increase in European immigration added to the doubling of Rio de Janeiro's population between 1890 and 1910. Recent arrivals from sugar and coffee plantations, along with Portuguese, Italian, and Spanish workers who entered the urban economy and joined the city’s labor force, created a new, diverse Brazilian urban population. Members of these divergent social groups intersected in downtown Rio de Janeiro, seeking social interactions, sexual pleasures, and entertainment options at venues located next to elite theaters, clubs, opera houses, and commercial establishments.
Many of the historical studies on the transition period in urban Brazil between the Empire and the Republic and between slavery and the free labor market concentrate on political, economic, and social transformations that took place after the establishment of the Republic in 1889. Scholars have looked at popular responses to the elite’s approaches to urban renewal, public health programs, and the forced removal of the poor and working class from tenements in the Rio de Janeiro’s downtown area. Other historians have investigated issues of race, ethnicity, gender, or class in this formative period in Rio de Janeiro’s republican history. Cultural historians have examined the emergence of middle- and upper-class public life during Rio de Janeiro’s belle époque, while researcher have also analyzed the role of the police in controlling an unruly lower-class citizenry.
Although these studies offer an understanding of the social history of diverse slices of the population, we lack an integrative work that focuses on the relationships among these different social groups and classes. By examining a broader time period (1860-1930), I will also be able to analyze changes in public sociability, entertainment, commerce, and leisure both before and after the end of slavery and the Empire in 1888-89. These are not merely matters of chronology and social interactions, but rather a new and different perspective of the meaning of "Becoming Urban." Among other questions, I will be asking the following: How did social interactions in this public zone differ before and after the abolition of slavery? How did gender roles shift during the late Empire and through the Republic as modernization, urbanization, immigration, and industrialization accelerated? In what ways did women of different races and social classes occupy urban public spaces, and how did that change over time? How did divergent groups and social classes coexist and negotiate tensions and conflicts arising from multiple uses of downtown public space, especially as working-class leisure, entertainment, and commercial consumption became more widespread in spaces that had previously mostly been occupied by the city’s elites?
The focus on entertainment, commerce, and public sociability in this urban history of downtown Rio de Janeiro offers the possibility of obtaining a deeper understanding of everyday interactions that occurred in one of the city's most vibrant public spaces during that time period. I hope to broaden the framework that historians use to analyze urban sociability in the nation’s capital. This project will also provide the opportunity to consider ways in which gender, race, class, and sexuality manifested themselves in a public forum in a country that started, already in the period under discussion, to consider that it was “becoming modern.” In turn, this work should shed new light on our overall understanding of urban life not only in Brazil but also in other urban centers in Latin America in the crucial period of modernity and nation building.
2012-present Opening the Archives Project, funding from State University of Maringá, the Brazilian Amnesty Committee in conjunction with the United Nations Development Program and anonymous donors.
2010-2011 American Council of Learned Societies Fellowship for the research project, "Exiles within Exiles: Herbert Daniel, Gay Brazilian Revolutionary"
2010 American Philosophical Society Sabbatical Fellowship to do field research for the project "Exiles within Exiles."
2003-2004 National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship (NEH) for the research project, "The Crossroads of Sin and the Collision of Cultures: Pleasure and Popular Entertainment in Rio de Janeiro, 1860-1920."
2002-2003 American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) Fellowship to write manuscript for the book project, "We Cannot Remain Silent: Opposition to the Brazilian Military Dictatorship in the United States".
2001-2002 Martin Duberman Fellowship, Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies, Graduate Program, City University of New York for book proposal: "More Love and More Desire": A History of the Brazilian Gay, Lesbian and Transgendered Movement."
2000 Fulbright Lecturer/Researcher Fellowship, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Graduate Program, Department of History.
2015 Brazilian Ministry of Justice Amnesty Commission Award for the Defense of LGBT Rights during the Brazilian dictatorship
2015 Cidadania em Respeito à Diversidade [Citizenship Respecting Diversity] Book Award for Homossexualidade e a ditadura brasileira: Opressão, resistencia e a busca da verdade [Homosexuality and the Brazilian Dictatorship: Oppression, Resistance, and the Search for Truth]. Edited with Renan Quinalha. São Carlos: Editora da Universidade Federal de São Carlos, 2014.
2014 Manuel Carlos de Céspedes Professor of Latin American History, Brown University
2014 Carlos Monsiais Prize in Social Sciences from the Sexuality Studies Section of the Latin American Studies Association for “Who is the Macho Who Wants to Kill Me?”: Male Homosexuality, Revolutionary Masculinity, and the Brazilian Armed Struggle of the 1960s and 70s,” Hispanic American Historical Review, v. 92, no. 3 (August 2012): 437-69.
2013 Visiting Fellow, Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University.
2013 Joseph T. Criscenti Best Article Prize of the New England Council on Latin American Studies for “Who is the Macho Who Wants to Kill Me?”: Male Homosexuality, Revolutionary Masculinity, and the Brazilian Armed Struggle of the 1960s and 70s,” Hispanic American Historical Review, v. 92, no. 3 (August 2012): 437-69.
2013 Audre Lorde Best Article Prize of the Committee on Lesbian and Gay History of the American Historical Association for the most outstanding article published on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and/or queer history for “Who is the Macho Who Wants to Kill Me?”: Male Homosexuality, Revolutionary Masculinity, and the Brazilian Armed Struggle of the 1960s and 70s,” Hispanic American Historical Review, v. 92, no. 3 (August 2012): 437-69.
2013 Faculty Fellow, Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women, Brown University.
2012 Cogut Center for the Humanities Fellowship, Brown University, for the book project “Exiles within Exiles: Herbert Daniel, Brazilian Gay Revolutionary.” [declined]
2010 American Council of Learned Societies Fellowship
2010 American Philosophical Society Sabbatical Fellowship
2010 Book Award of Merit, Latin American Studies Association Brazil Section Prize for Apesar de vocês: oposição à ditadura militar nos Estados Unidos, 1964-85.
2009 Brown University, Teaching with Technology Award for History of Brazil course
2008 Karen T. Romer Award for Excellence in Advising, Brown University
2008 Jon M. Tolman Prize for Best Conference Paper, Brazilian Studies Association, "'Restless Youth': The 1968 Brazilian Student Movement as seen from Washington."
2006 Cidadania em Respeito à Diversidade [Citizenship Respecting Diversity] Book Award for Homossexualismo em São Paulo e outros (São Paulo: Editora da UNESP, 2005) São Paulo, Brazil.
2001 Cidadania em Respeito à Diversidade [Citizenship Respecting Diversity] Book Award for Além do carnaval: a homossexualidade masculina no Brasil do século XX (Editora da UNESP, 2000) São Paulo, Brazil.
2001 Martin Duberman Award, Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies, Graduate Program, City University of New York for book proposal: "More Love and More Desire": A History of the Brazilian Gay, Lesbian and Transgendered Movement."
2000 Lambda Literary Foundation/Paul Monette-Roger Horwitz Trust Award for Emergent Scholars for Beyond Carnival: Male Homosexuality in Twentieth-Century Brazil (University of Chicago Press, 1999).
1999 Hubert Herring Book Award of the Pacific Coast Council on Latin American Studies for Beyond Carnival: Male Homosexuality in Twentieth-Century Brazil.
1998 Sprague Prize, Committee on Lesbian and Gay History of the American Historical Association, for outstanding doctoral dissertation chapter.
1996 Ken Dawson Award, Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies, City University of New York, for outstanding research in gay and lesbian history.
1996 UCLA Lambda Alumni Award for outstanding research in gay and lesbian history.
American Historical Association (AHA)
Brazilian Studies Association (BRASA), Past President
Conference on Latin American History, American Historical Association
Latin American Studies Association (LASA)
New England Council on Latin American Studies (NECLAS), Past President
Colonial Latin America
Comparative Labor History: U.S. and Latin America
Gay and Lesbian History
Gender and Sexuality in Latin America
Gender, Race and Culture in Latin American Historiography
History of Argentina
History of Brazil
History of Brazil through Film and Literature
History of Brazilian Historiography
History of Latin American Historiography
History of Mexico
History of Rio de Janeiro
History of Sexuality in the Western World
Latin America in the Nineteenth Century
Latin American Nations [Nineteenth and Twentieth Century]
Latin American Revolutions in the Twentieth Century
Race, Ethnicity and Gender in Early Latin America
Politics and Culture during the Brazilian Military Dictatorship
Recent Historiography on Brazilian Social and Cultural History
Recent Latin American Historiography
Slavery and Race in Latin America
Theories and Methodologies of History
Tropical Delights: Imagining Brazil in History and Culture
Women and Gender in Latin America
HIST 0537B - Tropical Delights: Imagining Brazil in History and Culture. Spring 2017.
HIST 0970B - Tropical Delights: Imagining Brazil in History and Culture. Fall 2014.
HIST 1310 - History of Brazil. Fall 2015.
HIST 1312 - Brazil: From Abolition to Emerging Global Power. Spring 2017.
HIST 1671 - Brazil: From Abolition to Emerging World Power. Fall 2014.
HIST 1967L - Politics and Culture Under The Brazilian Military Dictatorship, 1964-1985. Fall 2016.
HIST 1967R - History of Rio de Janeiro. Spring 2016.
HIST 1970E - Brazil Under Vargas: Reshaping the Nation. Spring 2015.
HIST 2971E - Latin American Historiography. Fall 2015.