Matthew C. Gutmann Professor of Anthropology

Matthew Gutmann is Professor of Anthropology, Director of the Brown International Advanced Research Institutes (BAIRI), and Faculty Fellow at the Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University. As a scholar, his research and teaching has focused on studies of men and masculinities; public health; politics; and the military. HIs published books include The Meanings of Macho: Being a Man in Mexico City (also in Spanish and Portuguese editions); The Romance of Democracy: Compliant Defiance in Mexico City (also in Spanish and Chinese editions); Fixing Men: Sex, Birth Control and AIDS in Mexico (also in Spanish edition); and Breaking Ranks: Iraq Veterans Speak out against the War (with Catherine Lutz). With Jeffrey Lesser he is editing the University of California Press Global Square book series. Most of his ethnographic research has been conducted in Mexico where he is a visiting professor at Colegio de México, and he recently began new research in China where he is a visiting professor at Nanjing University.  At present he is working on three projects: Global Latin America (an edited volume with Jeffrey Lesser); Men Are Animals; and Global Affinities.  From 2009 to 2013, he was Vice President for International Affairs at Brown, leading the University’s efforts to build collaborations and exchanges with leading institutions around the world and major programs relevant to internationalization. Gutmann has a Master’s in Public Health, and in 2008 he won the Eileen Basker Memorial Award for the best scholarly study on gender and health. He has also been a visiting professor in China, France, Mexico, and Spain. In addition to working in Latin America for the last two decades, Gutmann's undergraduate major was modern and classical Chinese.

Brown Affiliations

Research Areas

scholarly work

OS SIGNIFICADOS SER HOMEM EM UMA COLONIA POPULAR NA CIDADE DO MEXICO. Luiza Aragon Ovalle, trans. Preface by Rolf Ribeiro de Souza. Editora da Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 2017.

«民主的浪漫:当代墨西哥民众的无声抗议». Phoenix Library, Frontiers of Political Science series; Jiangsu, China: Jiangsu People’s Publishing House; 2017. 

GLOBAL LATIN AMERICA: INTO THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURYMatthew Gutmann and Jeffrey Lesser, eds. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2016.


BREAKING RANKS: IRAQ VETERANS SPEAKING OUT AGAINST THE WAR. With Catherine Lutz. Berkeley: University of California Press; 2010. 

EL ROMANCE DE LA DEMOCRACIA: REBELDIA SUMISA EN EL MEXICO CONTEMPORANEOWith new Epilogue. Mexico City: Fondo de Cultura Económica; 2009. 

FIXING MEN: SEX, BIRTH CONTROL, AND AIDS IN MEXICO. Berkeley: University of California Press; 2007.

PERSPECTIVES ON LAS AMERICAS: A READER IN CULTURE, HISTORY AND REPRESENTATIONCo-editor with Félix V. Matos Rodríguez, Lynn Stephen, and Patricia Zavella. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers; 2003. 

CHANGING MEN AND MASCULINITIES IN LATIN AMERICA. Editor. Durham, NC: Duke University Press; 2003. 



SER HOMBRE DE VERDAD EN LA CIUDAD DE MEXICO: NI MACHO NI MANDILONMexico City: Programa Interdisciplinario de Estudios de la Mujer and Programa Salud Reproductiva y Sociedad, El Colegio de México; 2000.

THE MEANINGS OF MACHO: BEING A MAN IN MEXICO CITY. Berkeley: University of California Press; 1996 [2006, second edition]. 



2016   “Men’s Sexual Health and Destiny.” In Handbook on Gender and Health. Jasmine Gideon, ed. Pp. 457-73. London: Edward Elgar.

2016    “Looking at the Past and the Future Without Fear: An Interview with Ricardo Lagos.” In Global Latin America, Matthew Gutmann and Jeffrey Lesser, eds. Pp. 19-36. Berkeley: University of California Press.

2016    “Chasing Che: Introduction to Global Latin America.” With Jeffrey Lesser. Matthew Gutmann and Jeffrey Lesser, eds. Pp. 1-14. University of California Press.

2016     “Introducing the Global Square Book Series.” With Jeffrey Lesser. Matthew Gutmann and Jeffrey Lesser, eds. Pp. xv-xvi. University of California Press. 

2015  “Scoring Men: Vasectomies, Gender Relations and Male Sexuality in Oaxaca.” In The Gender, Culture and Power Reader. Dorothy Hodgson, ed. Pp. 304-12. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2015  “Planificar la exclusion de los hombres de la planificación familiar: Un estudio de caso en México.” EG, Revista Interdisciplinaria de Estudios de Género (Mexico) 1(1):54-75.    

2014     “Alternative Cultures of Masculinity: An Anthropological Approach.” In Alternative Masculinities for a Changing World. José María Armengol-Carrera and Angels Carabi, eds. Pp. 51-62. London: Palgrave-MacMillan.

2014     «直觉墨西哥城:男子气概之谜与痛苦手势» (“Intuiting Mexico City: Manly Riddles and Gestures of Affliction”). TDR: The Drama Review, Performance Studies/China 5:209-20.

2014 “Problem of Gender and Citations Raised Again in New Research Study.” With Virginia R. Dominguez and Catherine Lutz. Anthropology News 55(3-4):29-30.

2013 “O machismo.” Antropolítica: Revista Contemporânea de Antropologia (Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil) 34:95-120.

2012 “Disidencias en la figuración de la guerra: Entrevista a Matthew Gutmann.” Versión: Estudios de Comunicación y Política (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico City) 29:1-7.

2011 “Beyond Resistance: Raising Utopias from the Dead in Mexico City and Oaxaca.” In New Approaches to Resistance in Brazil and Mexico. John Gledhill and Patience Schell, eds. Pp. 305-24. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

2011 “Planning Men out of Family Planning: A Case Study from Mexico.” In Reproduction, Globalization, and the State, Carole H. Browner and Carolyn F. Sargent, eds. Pp. 53-67. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

2010 “New Labyrinths of Solitude: Lonesome Mexican Migrant Men and AIDS.” In The International Handbook on Gender and Poverty: Concepts, Research, Policy. Pp. 321-26. Sylvia Chant, ed. Edward Elgar.

2009 “The Missing Gamete? Ten Common Mistakes or Lies about Men’s Sexual Destiny.” In Reconceiving the Second Sex: Men, Masculinity, and Reproduction. Marcia Inhorn, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Helene Goldberg, and Maruska La Cour Mosegaard, eds. Pp. 21-44. Oxford: Berghahn Books. (Portuguese: 2009 “O fetiche totêmico da sexualidade masculina: Oito erros comuns.” Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais 24:5-20. Spanish: 2011 “El fetiche de la sexualidad masculina: ocho errores comunes.” In Masculinidades en el México contemporáneo, Oscar M. Hernández Hernández, Arcádio A. García Cantú, and Koryna I. Contreras Ocegueda, Eds. Pp. 29-46. Plaza y Valdés Editores: Madrid. 2011.)

2009 “Becoming Monsters in Iraq.” With Catherine Lutz. Anthropology Now 1(1):12-20.

2008 “Cultural Bias and ‘No-scalpel Vasectomies’: Lessons Learned by a Brown Anthropologist in Mexico.” Medicine and Health Rhode Island 91(12):369-71.

2008 “Kast Ordulari: Kuzey ve Güney Amerika’da Zorunlu Askerlik, Vicdani Red ve Demokratik Yurttaşlik” (Caste Armies: Military Conscription, Conscientious Objection, and Democratic Citizenship in the Americas). In Çarklardaki Kum: Vicdani Red, Düşünsel Kaynaklar ve Deneyimler (Sand in the Cogs: Conscientious Objection, Theory and Experience).  Özgür Heval Çinar and Coşkun Üsterci, eds. Pp. 165-84. Istanbul: İletişim. (English: 2009 “Military Conscription, Conscientious Objection and Democratic Citizenship in the Americas.” In Conscientious Objection: Resisting Militarized Society. Özgür Heval Çinar and Coşkun Üsterci, eds. Pp. 131-44. London: Zed.)

2007 “Hacia el dominio del cuerpo varonil: Los impulsos sexuales y la salud reproductiva masculina.” In Sucede que me canso de ser hombre: Relatos y experiencias sobre hombres y masculinidades en México. Ana Amuchástegui and Ivonne Szasz, eds. Pp. 411-31. Mexico City: El Colegio de México.

2006 “El género de la política popular en el México contemporáneo.” In Debates sobre masculinidades: Poder, desarrollo, políticas públicas y ciudadanía. Gloria Careaga and Salvador Cruz Sierra, eds. Pp. 429-47. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

2005 “La ‘falocedad’ de continuos: Salud reproductiva entre adolescentes en Oaxaca de Juárez.” Estudios Sociales (Hermosillo, Mexico) 26:117-43.

2005 “Men Who Abandon their Families: Households As Border Zones in Mexico City.” Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe (Tel Aviv) 16(1):133-46.

2005 “Scoring Men: Vasectomies and the Totemic Illusion of Male Sexuality in Oaxaca.” Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry 29(1):79-101.

2005 “Masculinities in Latin America.” With Mara Viveros Vigoya. In Handbook of Studies on Men and Masculinities. Michael Kimmel, R.W. Connell, and Jeff Hearn, eds. Pp. 114-28. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. (Spanish: 2007 “Masculinidades en América Latina.” Tratado de psicología social: Perspectivas socioculturales. Miguel Ángel Aguilar and Anne Reid, eds. Pp. 120-39. Barcelona: Anthropos.)

2004 “Hombres carnales: Las políticas somáticas de la salud reproductiva masculina.” Maguaré (Bogotá) 18:221-40.

2004 “Dystopian Travels in Gringolandia: Engendering Ethnicity among Mexican Migrants to the United States.” Ethnicities 4(4):477-500. (Portuguese: 2008 “Quando se cruzam fronteiras diaspóricas e identidades distópicas.” Revista de Antropologia 51[1]:155-76, 2008.)

2003 “Iniciación sexual y salud reproductiva entre adolescentes en Oaxaca de Juárez, México.” In Varones adolescentes: Género, identidades y sexualidades en América Latina. José Olavarría, ed. Pp. 153-64. Santiago: Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales.

2002 “La politique populaire a-t-elle un genre? Un exemple mexicain.” Valérie Liégeois, trans. Cahiers des Ameriques Latines (Paris) 39:109-26.

2002 “Las mujeres y la negociación de la masculinidad.” Nueva Antropología (Mexico City) 61:99-116.

2002 “‘Men-streaming’ Gender? Questions for Gender and Development Policy in the 21st Century.” With Sylvia Chant. Progress in Development Studies 2(4):269-82.

2001 “Cambio contextualizado: Las masculinidades contemporáneas en Chile, Colombia y el Perú.” Introduction to Hombres e identidades de género: Investigaciones desde América Latina. Mara Viveros, Norma Fuller, and José Olavarría. Pp. 15-33. Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

2000 “Male Discretion and Sexual Indiscretions in Working Class Mexico City.” In Gender Through the Prism of Difference. 2nd ed. [and 3rd ed., 2005] Maxine Baca Zinn, Pierrette Hondagneu-Sotelo, Michael A. Messner, eds. Pp. 171-87. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

2000 “A (Short) Cultural History of Mexican Machos and Hombres.” In Gender Matters: Rereading Michelle Z. Rosaldo. Alejandro Lugo and Bill Maurer, eds. Pp. 160-84. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

1999 “Viajes no utópicos en Gringolandia: Los migrantes mexicanos como pioneros de cambios culturales globales.” In Fronteras Fragmentadas. Gail Mummert, ed. Pp. 573-84. [2nd ed., pp. 407-414, 2009.] Zamora: El Colegio de Michoacán.

1999 “Ethnicity, Alcohol, and Acculturation.” Social Science & Medicine 48(2):173-84. (2002 “Etnicidad, alcohol y aculturación.” Alteridades (Mexico City) 23:19-34.)

1998 “Mamitis and the Traumas of Development in a Colonia Popular of Mexico City.” In Small Wars: The Cultural Politics of Childhood. Nancy Scheper-Hughes and Carolyn Sargent, eds. Pp. 130-48. Berkeley: University of California Press. (Spanish: 2000 “Mamitis y los traumas del desarrollo en una colonia popular de la ciudad de México.” In Paternidades en América Latina. Norma Fuller, ed. María Elena García, trans. Pp. 333-59. Lima: Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú Fondo Editorial.)

1998 “Los machos que no tienen ni madre: La paternidad y la masculinidad en la ciudad de México.” Pastora Rodríguez Aviñoá, trans. La Ventana (Guadalajara) 7:120-165. 

1998 “For Whom the Taco Bells Toll: Popular Responses to NAFTA South of the Border.” Critique of Anthropology 18(3):297-315. (2000 “Por quién doblan las campanas de Taco Bell: Respuestas populares al TLC al sur de la frontera.” Alteridades (Mexico City) 10:109-22.)

1997 “The Ethnographic (G)Ambit: Women and the Negotiation of Masculinity in Mexico City.” American Ethnologist 24(4):833-55. (Spanish: 1999 “Las fronteras corporales de género: Las mujeres en la negociación de la masculinidad.” In Cuerpo, diferencias y desigualdades. Mara Viveros and Gloria Garay, eds. Pp. 105-123. Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia.)

1997 “Los verdaderos machos mexicanos nacen para morir.” Masculinidad/es: Poder y Crisis, Teresa Valdés and José Olavarría, eds. Santiago: Ediciones de las Mujeres, ISIS Internacional 24:153-68. 

1997 “Trafficking in Men: The Anthropology of Masculinity.” Annual Review of Anthropology 26:385-409. (Spanish: 1998 “Traficando con hombres: La antropología de la masculinidad.” Patricia Prieto, trans. La Ventana (Guadalajara) 8:47-99, 1998.)

1997 “Seed of the Nation: Men’s Sex and Potency in Mexico.” In The Gender/Sexuality Reader: Culture, History, Political Economy. Roger N. Lancaster and Micaela di Leonardo, eds. Pp. 194-206. New York: Routledge.

1996 “Reflexiones sobre los aportes y dilemas de etnografías recientes acerca de la masculinidad.” Acta Sociológica (Mexico City) 16:71-83.

1995 “Los hijos de Lewis: La sensibilidad antropológica y el caso de los pobres machos.” Alteridades (Mexico City) 4(7):9-19 (dated 1994).

1994 “The Meanings of Macho: Changing Mexican Male Identities.” masculinities 2(1):21-33, 1994.

1993 “Los hombres cambiantes, los machos impenitentes y las relaciones de género en México en los noventa.” Estudios Sociológicos (Mexico City) Vol. XI, No. 33, pp. 725-40.

1993 “Rituals of Resistance: A Critique of the Theory of Everyday Forms of Resistance.” Latin American Perspectives 20(2):74-92.

1992 “Cross-Cultural Conceits: Science in China and the West.” Science as Culture 15, 3(2):208-239.

research overview

Matthew Gutmann's research and teaching focuses on gender, health, politics, and ethnography in Mexico and China.

research statement

Matthew Gutmann's research and teaching focuses on gender, health, politics, and ethnography in Mexico and China.

In Mexico City, he has done research on two major issues: one is changing male identities and practices with respect to fathering, sexuality, housework, alcohol, violence, and the cultural history of machismo ( The Meanings of Macho: Being a Man in Mexico City , California 1996, 2006). And, the second research topic was popular politics as seen through participation in and abstention from elections, responses from "below" to the North American Free Trade Agreement and expressions of Mexican nationalism, as well as romantic notions of agency, resistance, and democracy ( The Romance of Democracy: Compliant Defiance in Contemporary Mexico , California 2002). He also has done research in Oaxaca, Mexico, regarding men's reproductive health and sexuality through ethnographic fieldwork in two vasectomy clinics, a government AIDS clinic, and among indigenous midwives, doctors, and healers ( Fixing Men: Sex, Birth Control, and AIDS in Mexico , California 2007). His most recent book is Breaking Ranks: Iraq Veterans Speak Out against the War , with Catherine Lutz (California, 2010).

Most of Gutmann's ethnographic research has been conducted in Mexico and China. He has also conducted collaborative research on/with UN Peacekeepers in Haiti and Lebanon. His current projects include:

Global Latin America (with Jeffrey Lesser of Emory): This edited volume will examine regional interconnectedness in a global world.  Latin America has a unique historical and cultural context, is home to emerging global powers such as Brazil and Mexico, and is tied to world regions including China, India, and Africa.  Its essays, interviews, and stories will highlight the insights of public intellectuals, political leaders, artists, academics, and activists, and will be written for a broad readership – appropriate for classrooms, boardrooms, and the libraries of thoughtful readers.

Men are Animals: This anthropological study will explore popular enthusiasm for putative scientific beliefs that men have minimal control over their sexual and violent “natures” and they must be managed and restrained, usually by societal restrictions, and by the women in their lives.  Who equates men more with (non-human) animals – and why?  When are women compared to non-human animals?  Are men called animals because instinctual behavior is said to drive a particular human activity?  This study examines gendered undercurrents in biological explanations about human behavior pervasive today in two distinct societies, China and Mexico, with reference throughout to the United States as well.  A biological narrative is compelling to understand, for example, male sexuality and violence.  Nonetheless it is more remarked upon than understood.  Why analytic frames referencing heredity, genes, and hormones hold sway in the popular imaginary at this particular historical moment rests on more than simply the credibility of scientific discovery.

Citizens of the World: Global Affinities: This project looks at what people think and do to demonstrate their commitment to global affinities, identities, and associations.  How people disengage from local (including national) allegiances and replace (or supplement) these with global communities is obviously easier said than done.  Nor is it obvious if there are institutions that can truly be called “global” or “international” in the sense of putting global interests above national.  Yet is there any sense in which the Catholic Church, to take an unlikely example, could be considered the most global institution on earth?  We call them “multinational corporations” and it is worth considering in what sense are the CEOs of multinationals global in their orientation.  The same should be done with social movement activists and actors (Doctors without Borders, Amnesty International). 

funded research

2017-19        Virginia B. Toulmin Foundation, principal investigator ($300,000): “Research Collaboration on Masculinities and Male Sexual and Reproductive Health in Mexico.”

2015-16        Virginia B. Toulmin Foundation, co-principal investigator ($250,000): “Towards universal access to high-quality, rights-based sexual and reproductive health in

Latin America and the Caribbean.”


American Council of Learned Societies Fellowship: "Iraq Veterans in Dissent, Masculine Loyalties in Contention: Epiphanies among the Troops"

Fulbright-Garcia Robles Scholar: "Military Service, Masculinity, and Democratic Citizenship in Mexico"
Compton Foundation, co-PI ($50,000): "Improving Cultural Awareness in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations"
Faculty Award, Craig M. Cogut Fund for Research on Latin America (Brown): "Traditional Contraceptive Options for Men in Oaxaca, Mexico"
Small grant, Population Studies and Training Center (Brown): "The Cultural History of Male Contraception"
Faculty Research Fund (Brown; six times)
National Endowment for the Humanities University Faculty Fellowship: "Fixing Men: Negotiating Men's Reproductive Health and Sexuality in Oaxaca City, Mexico"
Faculty Research Initiative Grant, Watson Institute for International Studies (Brown): "Male Friendship and Homosociality in Latin America"
Salomon Faculty Research Award (Brown; three times)
University-funded small grants program (Brown; three times)
Faculty Research Award, Center for the Study of Race and Ethnicity in America (Brown): "Blackwell Reader on the Anthropology of the Americas"
National Institutes of Health Postdoctoral Training Grant, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Prevention Research Center/School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley
Postdoctoral Visiting Research Fellowship, Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, University of California, San Diego
National Institute of Mental Health National Research Service Award
Fulbright-Hays Doctoral Dissertation Research Abroad Training Grant
Wenner-Gren Predissertation Grant
National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant
UC MEXUS Dissertation Research Grant
Institute for Intercultural Studies Grant