Richard H. Longabaugh Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry and Human Behavior (Research)

Dr. Longabaugh, a social and clinical psychologist, is a professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior at the Brown Medical School, which he joined at its inception in 1972. Dr. Longabaugh became the associate director of the Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies (CAAS) in 1986 in order to develop the Center's research mission. During this period he directed numerous studies of the clinical and cost-effectiveness of alcohol treatment, funded primarily by the NIAAA, as well as assisting other CAAS colleagues in the development of their research ideas. He also provided the leadership for the Center's postdoctoral training program in alcohol treatment/intervention research from its inception in 1986 until 2000 and was awarded a Sharon Chauncey Fellowship Award by CAAS for his leadership of the program when he resigned his position. Over 50 fellows graduated from the program during this period. Many have now achieved leadership positions in the field.

A recognized leader in alcohol treatment research, Dr. Longabaugh has served regularly on NIAAA advisory committees; notably, he was the first chair for the scientific advisory group (IRG) on alcohol treatment and clinical research. Dr. Longabaugh, a fellow of the American Psychological Association, has published over 249 research articles and books and in 1999 received the Dan Anderson Research Award from the Hazelden Foundation for his research contribution to the recovery process.

Since 2000, Dr. Longabaugh has reduced his research effort to half time. He continues as co-investigator on four ongoing studies and is collaborating with and assisting more junior colleagues at Brown and elsewhere in the preparation of new grant applications related to his research program on mechanisms of change in behavioral treatments. He continues to serve on advisory panels and review committees for NIAAA. Most recently he participated in NIAAA's Consultant Group Meeting on a "Mechanisms of Behavior Change Initiative". Dr. Longabaugh plans to remain at the Center in a part-time capacity until his research agenda is completed.

Brown Affiliations

research overview

Professor Longabaugh is a clinical psychologist who currently devotes his time to conducting alcohol treatment research. His particular expertise is in behavioral treatments for alcohol problems and understanding why and how they are effective.From 1986 until 2000 he also directed Brown's post-doctoral training program for alcohol treatment/intervention researchers.

research statement

Dr. Longabaugh collaborates with faculty from Brown, University of Indiana, UCLA and Boston University who conduct research on alcohol treatment, how it works and for whom it is most effective. Current projects include: 1)an investigation of how therapist behaviors in behavioral treatment effect the drinking outcomes of patients with particular matching or mismatching characteristics (with M. Karno of UCLA); 2) an eleven site, multicite RCT of the single and combined effects on drinking outcomes of two levels of behavioral treatment combined with acamprosate, naltrexone, both or neither (with R. Swift of Brown, and investigators from 12 other universities); 3)a treatment outcome study of the effects of twelve vs. 24 weeks of naltrexone administration combined with either motivational enhancement or a broad spectrum behavioral treatment based on decision trees for determining behavioral modules which sub-sets of patients should receive (with D. Davidson of Indiana University and S. Gulliver of Boston University); 3) A review of the mechanisms of change in motivational interveiwing treatment for substance abusers (with T. Apodaca of Brown); 4) A study of the effects of a brief motivational intervention on opportunistically identifed users of alcohol and marijuana in the ER (with Robert Woolard of Brown/Lifespan); 5) a study of the effects of motivational interviewing plus trauma room exposure on youth convicted of a high risk driving offense in reducing their subsequent high risk driving behaviors and convictions (with T. Nirenberg of Brown); 6)a study of the effects of a phone intervention on MVC patients recruited from the ER (with M.Mello); 7) a review of research attempting to identify the mechanisms of change in behavioral treatments for alcohol misuse; 8)several empirical studies attempting to identify the mechanisms of change of a brief motivational intervention with opportunistically identified injured hazardous drinkers in the ER.

funded research

No. Grant Years Source of Funding Grant Title Role Amount Funded
1. 1963 - 1965 Cornell Science Research Council The Study of Systematic Behavioral Observations
PI $2,500
2. 1963 – 1965 NIMH Social & Individual Systems in Schizophrenia
Co-I
Eldred, PI $285,434
3. 1964 – 1965 Office of Education The Cross-Cultural Dimensions of Children's Social Behavior
PI $6,906
4. 1966 – 1967 PHS Grant (R01) Interactional &Social Systems in Acute Schizophrenia PI
$268,649
5. 1968 – 1969 PHS Grant (R01) Sequential Constraint in Schizophrenic Interaction
PI $36,190
6. 1968 – 1971 Itelson Foundation Adolescent Treatment Evaluation Project Co-I
Stanton, Proj. Director
$150,000
7. 1969 – 1971 PHS Controlled Evaluation of Psychiatric Day Care Co-PI
Washburn, PI $186,852
8. 1970 – 1972 The Grant Foundation The Development of a Coding and Analysis System for the Study of Interpersonal Interactions in Naturalistic Situations
Associate Investigator
Baldwin, PI
$6,325
9. 1971 – 1972 NIMH (R03) Treatment Process & Behavioral Change. (Special Research) Fellow in Clinical Psychology
$23,216
10. 1974 – 1975 Formula Grant Award Alcoholism Joint Admission Project Research Director
Paolino, PI
$49,860
11. 1975 Blue Cross of Rhode Island Follow-up Evaluation of Day Hospital Patients and their Matched Control Inpatients
PI $5,875
12. 1976 ADAMHA Regional Office Conference on Region I Mental Health Evaluation
Host $2,500
13. 1976 – 1979 NIMH (R01) Problem Lists as Predictors of Treatment & Outcome
PI $375,393
14. 1977 NIMH Supplement Award (R01) Problem Lists as Predictors of Treatment & Outcome
PI $38,442
15. 1977 – 1978 Blue Cross of Rhode Island Evaluation of Butler Hospital's Problem Drinkers Program
PI $16,000
16. 1979 NIMH Supplement Award (R01) Problem Lists as Predictors of Treatment & Outcome
PI $31,736
17. 1979 – 1980 Blue Cross of Rhode Island A Randomized Controlled Trial to Assess the Cost Effectiveness of Partial Hospitalization vs. Full Hospitalization in the Treatment of Alcoholism
PI $24,000
18. 1982 – 1983 NIMH (R01) Problems as Predictors of Treatment & Outcome
PI $82,204
19. 1984 – 1988 NIAAA (R01) Environmental Treatment of Alcohol Abusers
PI $677,258
20. 1984 – 1988 NIAAA (R01) Environmental Treatment of Alcohol Abuse: Neurological Assessment
PI $38,966
21. 1986 – 1991 NIAAA/NIDA (T32) Postdoctoral Research Training Program in Treatment/Intervention for Alcohol & Substance Abuse
Co-Director
Lewis, Co-Director $1,052,465
22. 1987 – 1989 NIAAA (comp renewal – R01) Environmental Treatment of Alcohol Abusers
PI $381,369
23. 1988 – 1992 AA 07200 Enhanced Long-Term Benefits from Alcohol Treatment
Co-I
Stout, PI $413,854
24. 1988 – 1993 NIAAA (U10) Multi-site Matching of Treatment Focus to Dysfunction
PI $2,021,953
25. 1988 – 1993 NIAAA (R01) Matching Patients to Treatment Focus
Co-I
Stout, PI $1,899,426
26. 1991 – 1993 NIAAA (ADM) Treatment Research Validation & Extension Program
PI $541,257
27. 1991 – 1996 NIAAA (R01) Time Dynamics PI $1,459,358
28. 1991 – 1996 NIAAA (T32) Alcohol Intervention/Treatment Outcome Research Training Co-Director
Lewis, Co-Director $1,210,882
29. 1992 – 1995 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation New York State Hospital Intervention Evaluation Co-Scientific Director
Welte, PI $798,500
30. 1993 – 1998 NIAAA Cost-Offset Implications of Patient-Treatment Matching
Co-I
Holder, PI $185,130
31. 1994 – 1999 NIAAA (comp renewal – U10) Matching Patients to Alcoholism Treatments
PI $576,304
32. 1995 – 1998 NIAAA (R01) Meta-analysis: Social Relationships & Drinking Outcome
Advisor
Beattie, PI $314,374
33. 1995 – 1999 NIAAA (R01) ED Brief Intervention for ETOH Positive Subcritically Injured Patients
PI $1,585,673
34. 1996 -2000 NIAAA (T32) Postdoctoral Research Training Program in Treatment/Early Intervention for Alcohol & Substance Abuse
PI & Co-Director
Swift, Co-Director $1,688,228
35. 1997 – 1998 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Developing a Foundation for Outcomes Based Addictions Treatment
Co-PI $99,910

36. 1997 – 2003 NIAAA (R01) Combined Behavioral/Pharmacologic Treatment of Alcoholism
PI to 2000
Co-PI 2000-2003
Swift, PI (2000-2003)
$1,473,624
37. 1999 – 2002 NIAAA (R01) Alcohol Intervention for Drug Detoxification Clients Consultant
Stein, PI
$1,322,105
38. 2000 – 2001 NIAAA (R21) Relapse Onset & Termination & Abstinence Maintenance
Co-I
Zywiak, PI $26,041
39. 2000 – 2003 NIAAA (R01) Psychotherapy Process in Alcoholism Treatment Matching
PI, 2000-2001
Karno, PI 2001-2003, Co-PI $506,823
40. 2000 – 2006 DHHS (R01) Post-Treatment Effects of Naltrexone Co-PI
Davidson, PI $1,733,268
41. 2002 – 2003 CDC (R49) Phone Intervention for EtOH Use in ED MVC Patients
Co-Mentor
Mello, PI $100,000
42. 2003 – 2007 NIAAA (R01) Reducing Injury, EtOH & THC Use Among ED Patients
Co-I
Woolard, PI $1,532,100
43. 2003 -2006 CDC (R49) Phone Intervention for Hazardous EtOH Use in ED MVC Patients
Co-I
Mello, PI $627,999
44. 2003 – 2005 NIAAA (R01 – comp renewal) Combined Behavioral/Pharmacologic Treatment for Alcoholism
Co-PI
Swift, PI $775,380
45. 2004 – 2008 NIAAA (R01) Psychotherapy Process in Alcoholism Treatment Matching Co-PI
Karno, PI $917,543