David M. WilliamsAssociate Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Associate Professor of Behavioral and Social Sciences
I received a BS in psychology from the Richard Stockton College of New Jersey and a PhD in clinical psychology from Virginia Tech. I joined the research faculty at Brown University in 2006 and the teaching faculty in 2009.
I have been licensed as a clinical psychologist in the state of RI since 2006.
Williams, D.M. & Rhodes, R.E. (in press). The confounded self- efficacy construct: Conceptual analysis, and recommendations for future research. Health Psychology Review.
Williams, D.M., Dunsiger, S. Miranda, R., Gwaltney, C.J., Emerson, J.A.*, Monti, P.M., & Parisi, A.F. (2015). Recommending self-paced exercise among overweight and obese adults: A randomized pilot study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 49, 280-285.
Williams, D.M., Evans, D.R.* (2014). Current emotion research in health behavior science. Emotion Review, 6, 282-292.
Williams, D.M. & Raynor, H.A. (2013). Disentangling the effects of choice and intensity on affective response to and preference for self-selected versus imposed-intensity physical activity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 767-775
Williams, D.M., Dunsiger, S., Jennings, E.G., & Marcus, B.H. (2012). Does affective valence during and immediately following a ten-minute walk predict concurrent and future physical activity? Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 44, 43-51.
Williams, D.M., Papandonatos, G.D., Jennings, E.G., Napolitano, M.A., Lewis, B.A., Whiteley, J.A., Bock, B.C., Albrecht, A.E., Dunsiger, S., Parisi, A.F., King, A.C., & Marcus, B.H. (2011). Does tailoring on additional theoretical constructs enhance the efficacy of a print-based physical activity promotion intervention? Health Psychology, 30, 432-441.
Williams, D.M. (2010). Outcome expectancy and self-efficacy: Theoretical implications of an unresolved contradiction. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14, 417-425.
Williams, D.M. (2008). Exercise, affect, and adherence: An integrated model and a case for self-paced exercise. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 30, 471-496.
Williams, D.M., Papandonatos, G.D., Napolitano, M.A., Lewis, B.A., Whiteley, J.A., & Marcus, B.H. (2006). Perceived enjoyment moderates the efficacy of an individually tailored physical activity intervention. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 28, 300-309.
Williams, D.M., Anderson, E.S., & Winett, R.A. (2005). A review of the outcome expectancy construct in physical activity research. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 29, 70-79.
My research interests are in (a) understanding the interplay between affective (e.g., mood, emotion) and cognitive (e.g., expectancy, intention) factors in determining health-related behavior, and (b) the application of this knowledge to the design of health behavior interventions, particularly for exercise promotion and smoking cessation.
NHLBI, NIH 7/14/04-12/31/05
F32 HL78709 Total Award: $61,781
Affective Variables as Determinants of Physical Activity
NCI, NIH 8/1/06-7/31/08
R03 CA119747 Total Award: $138,167
Does Moderate Intensity Exercise Help Prevent Smoking Relapse Among Women?
R21 CA137211 Total Award: $410,465
Adherence to Self-paced vs. Prescribed Intensity PA: Exploring Mechanisms via EMA
NCI, NIH 2/1/11-1/31/16
R01 CA155381 Total Award: $2,040,367
Efficacy of Brisk Walking as a Smoking Cessation Treatment Adjunct among Women
NCI, NIH 8/1/15-7/31/172/1/11-1/31/16
R03CA188473 Total Award: $162,500
Using Behavioral Economics to Promote Exercise among Inactive Overweight
NHLBI, NIH (Marcus, PI) 1/20/0312/31/08
Internet Technologies to Increase Exercise Behavior
2004 NIH Ruth L. Kirschstein Award (F32)
2007 Citation Award, Society of Behavioral Medicine
2007 NIH Loan Repayment Award for Clinical Research
2009 Outstanding Recent Alumnus Award, Virginia Tech College of Science
2012 Early Career Investigator Award, Society of Behavioral Medicine
American Psychological Association
Association for Psychological Science
Society of Behavioral Medicine
Society for the Study of Motivation
American College of Sports Medicine
In addition to classroom teaching, I enjoy advising/mentoring student-led research projects (undergraduate and graduate students) and research-focused independent studies.
PHP 1680N - Tobacco, Smoking, and the Evil Empire. Spring 2013, Spring 2015.
PHP 2340 - Behavioral and Social Science Theory for Health Promotion. Fall 2012, Fall 2013, Fall 2014.