My research focuses on the material culture of the Nile Valley and on the methodology of archaeological recording. I am particularly interested in kingship, monumentality, the contexts and audiences for art and architecture, and cultural interactions. I co-direct an excavation at Uronarti, Sudan, with my colleague Christian Knoblauch (Swansea University). There we are examining a monumental fortress built by the conquering Egyptian kings in the early 2nd millennium BC, the extramural settlement associated with it, and the relations between Nubians and Egyptians in this frontier zone. A recent book, Violence and Power in Ancient Egypt: images and ideology before the New Kingdom, examined the making of pictures of violence as a tactic of power in the early Egyptian state. On the methodology side, I am currently engaged in a project to develop a universal tablet-based archaeological recording system that does not rely on the internet for synchronization. In its alpha stage this system has been used in Uronarti, Petra, Kom el-Hisn Egypt, and Wellesley MA. I hold a BA from Brown and MA and PhD from the Institute of Fine Arts, NYU.