Reid F. CooperProfessor of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences
Professor Cooper pursues research in experimental geophysics and experimental petrology. The research pursued in his group encompasses experimental approaches to seismic attenuation; transient and steady-state flow of minerals and rock; structure and dynamics of silicate melts and glasses; phase equilibria; solid-state reactions; non-equilibrium thermodynamics; and application of petrology/geochemistry to the design and analysis of engineering materials. Professor Cooper has held faculty positions in both engineering and Earth sciences and, too, has experience in industrial materials science research.
Cooper, R.F. (2017). Redox thermodynamics and kinetics in silicate melts and glasses (and related morphology/texture), in: Encyclopedia of Glass Science, Technology, History and Culture, edited by P. Richet, Wiley, New York, in press.
Cooper, R.F., D.S. Stone and T. Plookphol (2016). Load relaxation of olivine single crystals. J. Geophys. Res., 121, doi: 10.1002/2016JB013425.
McCarthy, C. and R.F. Cooper (2016). Tidal dissipation in creeping ice and the thermal evolution of Europa. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 443, 185-194.
Caswell, T.E., R.F. Cooper and D.L. Goldsby (2015). The constant-hardness creep compliance of polycrystalline ice. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 6261-6268, doi:10.1002/2015GL064666.
Parman, S.W., D.R. Diercks, B.P. Gorman and R.F. Cooper (2015). Atom probe tomography of isoferroplatinum. Am. Mineral., 100, 852-860.
Jackson, C.R.M., S.W. Parman, S.P. Kelley and R.F. Cooper (2015). Light noble gas dissolution into ring structure-bearing materials and lattice influences on noble gas recycling. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 159, 1-15.
Salvatore, M.R., J.F. Mustard, J.W. Head III, A.D. Rogers and R.F. Cooper (2014). The dominance of cold and dry alteration processes on recent Mars, as revealed through pan-spectral orbital analyses. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 404, 261-272.
Jackson, C.R.M., L.C. Cheek, K.B. Williams, K.L. Donaldson-Hanna, C.M. Pieters, S.W. Parman, R.F. Cooper, M.D. Dyar, M. Nelms and M.R. Salvatore (2014). Visible-infrared spectral properties of iron-bearing aluminate spinel under lunar-like redox conditions. Am. Mineral., 99, 1821-1833.
Jackson, C.R.M., S.W. Parman, S.P. Kelley and R.F. Cooper (2013). Constraints on light noble gas partitioning at the conditions of spinel-peridotite melting. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 384, 178-187.
Burgess, K.D. and R.F. Cooper (2013). Extended planar defects and the rapid incorporation of Ti4+ in olivine. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 166, 1223-1233.
Jackson, C.R.M., S.W. Parman, S.P. Kelley and R.F. Cooper (2013). Noble gas transport into the mantle facilitated by high solubility in amphibole. Nature Geoscience, 6, 562-565.
Salvatore, M.R., J.F. Mustard, J.W. Head III, R.F. Cooper, D.R. Marchant and M.B. Wyatt (2013). Development of alteration rinds by oxidative weathering processes in Beacon Valley, Antarctica, and implications for Mars. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 115, 137-161.
Bowles, J.A., J.S. Gee, K. Burgess and R.F. Cooper (2011). Timing of magnetite formation in submarine basaltic glass: Insights from synthetic analogs and relevance for geomagnetic paleointensity analyses. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, Q02001, doi:10.1029/2010GC003404.
McCarthy, C., R.F. Cooper, D.L. Goldsby, W.B. Durham and SH. Kirby (2011). Transient and steady-state creep responses of ice-I/magnesium sulfate hydrate eutectic aggregates. J. Geophys. Res., 116, E04007, doi:10.1029/2010JE003689.
Skemer, P.A., M.I. Sundberg, G. Hirth and R.F. Cooper (2011). Torsion experiments on coarse-grained dunite: Implications for microstructural evolution when diffusion creep is suppressed. Geol. Soc. London Spec. Pub., 360, 211–223.
Cooper, R.F. (2010). On being a student of thermodynamics: Trust your eyes; use your imagination. Elements, 6, 282-283.
Burgess, K., R.F. Cooper, J.A. Bowles, J.S. Gee and D.J. Cherniak (2010). Effects of open- and closed-system oxidation on texture and magnetic response of remelted basaltic glass. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 11, Q10007, doi:10.1029/2010GC003248.
Sundberg, M.I. and R.F. Cooper (2010). A composite viscoelastic model for incorporating grain boundary sliding and transient diffusion creep; Correlating creep and attenuation responses for materials with a fine grain size. Philos. Mag., 90, 2817-2840.
Cooper, R.F., R.L.A. Everman, J.W. Hustoft and S.-H.D. Shim (2010). Mechanism and kinetics of reduction of a FeO–Fe2O3–CaO–MgO aluminosilicate melt in a high-CO-activity environment. Am. Mineral., 95, 810-824.
Sundberg, M. and R.F. Cooper (2008). Crystallographic preferred orientation produced by diffusional creep of harzburgite: The effects of chemical interactions amongst phases during plastic flow. J. Geophys. Res., 113, B12208, doi:10.1029/2008JB005618.
Petterson, C. and R.F. Cooper (2008). Float reaction between liquid bronze and magnesium alumino-silicate and ZnO-doped magnesium aluminosilicate glass-ceramic-forming glassmelts. J. Non-Crys. Solids, 354, 3194-3206.
Bonifas, C.J., A. Marconnet, J. Perry, J.H. Booske and R.F. Cooper (2008). Microwave-induced mass transport enhancement in nano-porous aluminum oxide membranes. J. Microwave Power Electromag. Ener., 42 , 13-22.
Bonifas, C.J., K. Thompson, J.H. Booske and R.F. Cooper (2008). An examination of athermal, photonic effects on boron diffusion and activation during microwave rapid thermal processing. J. Microwave Power Electromag. Ener., 42 , 23-34.
Saal, A.E., E.H. Hauri, M. LoCascio, J. Van Orman, M.J. Rutherford and R.F. Cooper (2008). The volatile content of the Lunar volcanic glasses: Evidence for the presence of water in the Moon's interior. Nature, 454, 192-195.
Nair, B.G., Q. Zhao and R.F. Cooper (2007). Geopolymer matrices with improved hydrothermal corrosion resistance for high-temperature applications. J. Mater. Sci., 42, 3083-3091.
McCarthy, C., R.F. Cooper, S.H. Kirby, K.D. Rieck and L.A. Stern (2007). Solidification and microstructures of binary ice-I/hydrate eutectic aggregates. Am. Mineral., 92, 1550-1560.
McCarthy, C., K.D. Rieck, S.H. Kirby, W.B. Durham, L.A. Stern, and R.F. Cooper (2007). Crystal growth of ice-I/hydrate eutectic binary solutions, in: Proc. 11th Int'l. Conf. on the Physics and Chemistry of Ice (Bremerhaven, Germany), ISBN 0-8540-4350-0, pp. 391-398.
Booske, J.H. and R.F. Cooper (2006). How the coupling of microwave and RF energy in materials can affect solid-state charge and mass transport and result in unique processing effects, in: Advances in Microwave and Radio Frequency Processing, edited by M. Willert-Porada, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 461-471.
Thompson, K., J.H. Booske, Y.B. Gianchandani and R.F. Cooper (2006). RF and microwave rapid magnetic induction heating of silicon wafers in: Advances in Microwave and Radio Frequency Processing, edited by M. Willert-Porada, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 673-680.
The overarching theme of the research pursued in the Cooper research group is solid-state mechanical and chemical kinetics in both crystalline and amorphous planetary materials. Important in this introduction is to note that the work is highly interdisciplinary, with multiple interactions in geophysics and petrology within the department and in materials science and solid mechanics beyond the department.
The overall theme of the research pursued in the Cooper research group is the dynamic responses, that is, the mechanical and chemical kinetics, of both crystalline and amorphous planetary materials. Mechanical properties are contemplated from the perspective of chemical thermodynamics, with deviatoric stress being an additional potential in the Gibbs energy and elasticity, fracture, flow, attenuation/anelasticity, etc., being kinetic responses to dissipate the added mechanical potential. In reactions, including mechanical ones, kinetic paths produce morphologies (textures) that, in general, are metastable structures, even in nature, even at geological rates. As a consequence, one must proceed judiciously: application of equilibrium thermodynamics is not always correct. Current projects include (a) the microphysics behind the attenuation of seismic waves (applied to understanding the structure of Earth's mantle as well as to the energy-dissipation capabilities of the shells of the icy satellites of the outer solar system), (b) redox and cooling dynamics in basaltic liquids and glasses as they affect thermal- and chemical-remanent magnetism, and (c) the role of grain- and heterophase-boundary sliding in affecting and effecting metamorphic layering. Please see the research pages for descriptions of the projects and lists of relevant references.
Attenuation and Flow/Relaxation in Ice-I and its Effect on Thermochemical Evolution of the Icy Satellites
NASA Program in Solar Systems Workings
R.F. Cooper, Principal Investigator
An experimental and theoretical study of the effect(s) of persistent plastic deformation on the attenuation and transient creep responses in polycrystalline ice and ice/salt-hydrate aggregates.
Transient Creep in Peridotite with Application to Postseismic Relaxation
National Science Foundation, Division of Earth Sciences, Program in Geophysics (EAR-1620474)
R.F. Cooper, Principal Investigator
An experimental and theoretical study of transient flow in both constant stress (creep) and stress-relaxation modes, with application to upper mantle relaxation following earthquakes as measured by geodetic techniques.
Extended Defects in Olivine and their Impact on Diffusive Reaction Kinetics
National Science Foundation, Division of Earth Sciences, Program in Petrology & Geochemistry (EAR‑1144668)
R.F. Cooper & S.W. Parman, Co-Principal Investigators
An experimental and analytical study of non-equilibrium, transient defect structures in olivine wrought by high-chemical-potential-difference reactions. The work includes the application/development of atom probe tomography for the study of the structure and chemistry of silicate minerals.