Judy Liu obtained an M.D./ Ph.D. from Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Her dissertation work was on inflammation in the brain. She went on to complete an internship in internal medicine and a residency in neurology at the Harvard teaching hospital, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. In her final year, she was chief resident. After her residency she did a post-doctoral fellowship in neural development. At the same time she was an attending neurologist at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in the department of Neurology. She joined the faculty at Children’s National Medical Center (CNMC) in 2009 to start her own research group, which studies how malformations of the cortex arise and their consequences. She came to Brown University in 2017.