ScB., Chemical Physics, Brown University, 2007
MPhil, Theoretical Chemistry, University of Cambridge, 2008
PhD, Chemical Physics, Columbia University, 2013
Lawrence Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellow, LLNL, 2013-2016
Joined the Brown Chemistry Department in 2016
Advances in the Computational Sciences: Symposium in Honor of Dr. Berni Alder's 90th Birthday. 2017; |
Chang, C.-C., Rubenstein, B.M., and M.A. Morales-Silva Auxiliary-Field Based Trial Wave Functions in Quantum Monte Carlo Calculations . Physical Review B. 2016; 94 : 235144. |
B.M. Rubenstein Introduction to the Variational Monte Carlo Method in Quantum Chemistry and Physics. Springer. 2016; Variational Methods in Molecular Modeling : 285-313. |
Rubenstein, B.M., Zhang, S., and D.R. Reichman Auxiliary-Field Quantum Monte Carlo for Bose-Fermi Mixtures . Physical Review A. 2012; 86 : 053606. |
Rubenstein, B.M., Coluzza, I., and M.A. Miller Controlling the Folding and Binding of Proteins Using Polymer Brushes . Physical Review Letters . 2012; 108 : 208104. |
Rubenstein, B.M., Gubernatis, J.E., and J.D. Doll Comparative Monte Carlo Efficiency by Monte Carlo Analysis . Physical Review E. 2010; 82 : 036701. |
Rubenstein, B.M. and L.J. Kaufman The Role of Extracellular Matrix in Glioma Invasion: A Cellular Potts Model Approach. Biophysical Journal. 2008; 95 : 5661. |
For decades, quantum chemists have been forced to make an oftentimes humbling choice in their day-to-day work: to use highly accurate, many-body methods that are too slow to apply to realistic quantum systems, or, to use faster one-body methods that are significantly less accurate. This fundamental compromise has glaringly limited the impact of quantum chemistry. Indeed, while most of modern experimental chemistry is focused upon synthesizing complex molecules and designing novel nano- and bulk materials, most modern quantum chemistry techniques are hard-pressed to even approach the scales necessary to answer many of the most pivotal experimental questions about these systems. The Rubenstein group is focused on developing electronic structure methods that are at once highly accurate and scale well with system size to help bridge this divide and enable theory-driven materials design.
Of key interest to the group is the development and application of stochastic methods to meet the long-standing need for rigorous techniques capable of accessing experimentally relevant scales. Because they make careful use of random numbers, quantum Monte Carlo methods are not only highly accurate (they are the gold standard in much of condensed matter physics), but scale gracefully with system size. They can therefore address a wide variety of experimentally motivated questions inaccessible to equally accurate deterministic methods and be used to improve existing electronic structure methods including Density Functional Theory. Problems of primary interest to the group fall into three main categories:
Modeling of bulk transition metal oxides, transition metal-based nanoclusters, and organometallic frameworks. Electrons in transition metals occupy highly degenerate, strongly-correlated d- and f- orbitals that are particularly difficult to model using one-body theories. The group’s recent advances developing stochastic techniques capable of modeling hundreds of electrons in hundreds of orbitals opens the door to simulating a variety of transition metal-based compounds and materials. Quantum Monte Carlo simulations of transition metal oxides will enable the high accuracy prediction of band gaps and high temperature, high pressure phase transitions, which will pave the way toward the development of more advanced photovoltaics as well as an improved understanding of the phase diagrams of complex solids.
Development of new methods capable of capturing relativistic effects, including spin-orbit coupling, beyond the mean field level. Being able to properly model relativistic effects is critical to predicting the behavior of heavy elements including Se and Te, which comprise topological insulators and important semiconductors, and the lanthanides and actinides, which assume a pivotal role in the nuclear fuel cycle and exhibit intriguing volume collapse transitions in the bulk. Our group is currently exploiting quantum Monte Carlo’s unique ability to obtain the ground state wave functions of multi-component Hamiltonians to explore the full hierarchy of relativistic Hamiltonians and their accuracy in quantum chemical calculations. These efforts will inform current experimental efforts underway at Brown and elsewhere.
Design and testing of finite temperature electronic approaches to model hot electrons and astrophysical conditions. Few electronic structure approaches are capable of modeling materials under conditions in which electrons are excited well above the ground state. This currently limits our understanding of photochemistry, plasma physics, and astrophysical processes such as star formation. Our group is developing density matrix-based methods that will enable the direct prediction of molecular behavior at high temperatures using both stochastic methods and more conventional finite temperature density functional theories.
Advances made in these directions will establish the foundations necessary for rigorous simulations of a variety of materials currently outside the scope of modern-day exploration, dramatically expanding the predictive power of quantum chemical techniques. Students engaged in this work will develop a deep understanding of both quantum and statistical mechanics and will become familiar with modern high performance computing paradigms.
DARPA Molecular Informatics Program, "Chemical CPUs: Chemical Computational Processing via Ugi Reactions (PI w/ Jacob Rosenstein, Chris Rose, Peter Weber, Sherief Reda, Eunsuk Kim, Joseph Geiser, and Jason Sello)," 2017-Present
NSF EPSCoR Program, "Genotypes to Phenoytpes (w/ Marty Ytreberg, Daniel Weinreich, Holly Wichman, others)," 2017-2021
XSEDE Computing Allocation, "Quantum Monte Carlo for Lattice Models and Materials," 2017-Present
LLNL Laboratory Directed Research and Development Grant-Exploratory Research,“Quantum Simulations for Uncertainty Quantification (w/ Miguel Morales-Silva),” 2014-Present
10th Annual LLNL Grand Challenge Tier 2 Computing Grant, “Transition Metals Done Right: An AFQMC Study of Transition Metal Oxide Phase Diagrams”, 2015-Present
DOE BER Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Program, “Biogeochemical Processes at Femtomolar Concentrations and Nanometer Scales (w/ Annie Kersting, et al.),” 2015-PresentYear | Degree | Institution |
---|---|---|
2013 | PhD | Columbia University |
2008 | MPhil | University of Cambridge |
2007 | ScB | Brown University |
Society for Science and the Public Advocate Award, 2017
Lawrence Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellowship, 2013-2016
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, 2008-2013
Department of Energy Computational Science Graduate Fellowship, 2008-2012
Winston Churchill Foundation of America Fellowship to Cambridge, 2007-2008
Paul Cross Prize for Best Senior in Physical Chemistry (Brown), 2007
Leallyn B. Clapp Thesis Prize for Best Thesis in Physical Chemistry (Brown), 2007
Rhodes Scholarship Finalist (NJ/MA Region), 2006
Barry Goldwater Scholarship (NJ Region), 2006-2007
American Chemical Society
American Physical Society
Biophysical Society
Materials Research Society
CHEM 2010 - Advanced Thermodynamics |